Expert assessment of future vulnerability of the global peatland carbon sink

Nature Climate Change
By: , and 

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Abstract

The carbon balance of peatlands is predicted to shift from a sink to a source this century. However, peatland ecosystems are still omitted from the main Earth system models that are used for future climate change projections, and they are not considered in integrated assessment models that are used in impact and mitigation studies. By using evidence synthesized from the literature and an expert elicitation, we define and quantify the leading drivers of change that have impacted peatland carbon stocks during the Holocene and predict their effect during this century and in the far future. We also identify uncertainties and knowledge gaps in the scientific community and provide insight towards better integration of peatlands into modelling frameworks. Given the importance of the contribution by peatlands to the global carbon cycle, this study shows that peatland science is a critical research area and that we still have a long way to go to fully understand the peatland–carbon–climate nexus.

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Expert assessment of future vulnerability of the global peatland carbon sink
Series title Nature Climate Change
DOI 10.1038/s41558-020-00944-0
Volume 11
Year Published 2021
Language English
Publisher Nature
Contributing office(s) Florence Bascom Geoscience Center
Description 8 p.
First page 70
Last page 77
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