Scheelite in the precambrian gneisses of Colorado

Economic Geology



Scheelite of Precambrian age has been found at several localities in Colorado and Wyoming in recent years. Most of it is disseminated in regionally metamorphosed rocks, principally in calc-silicate gneiss, but also in amphibolite. Small amounts are found in pegmatites and in gold-or copper-quartz veins of Precambrian age. The scheelite in most of the deposits contains molybdenum, and much of it is accompanied by discrete powellite (CaMoCX). The scheelite deposits vary in age with the rocks that contain them and show no consistent genetic associations. Many of the deposits are products of some phase of the major plutonic stage that included regional metamorphism, migmatization, and emplacement of syntectonic granites, A few deposits may be related to younger Precambrian granites, and some are related to late diorite and pegmatite. Tungsten originally present in minor concentration in the sedimentary rocks that gave rise to the gneisses was evidently redistributed and r eery stall ized through successive Precambrian plutonic episodes. Reworked Precambrian deposits may have been a source of the tungsten in the economically important Tertiary deposits, and possibly also of molybdenum. The Precambrian scheelite deposits found thus far have proved to be of minor economic importance, but others are still being found, and many more can be presumed to exist; among these may be some of importance.

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Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Scheelite in the precambrian gneisses of Colorado
Series title Economic Geology
DOI 10.2113/gsecongeo.55.7.1406
Volume 55
Issue 7
Year Published 1960
Language English
Publisher Society of Economic Geologists
Description 13 p.
First page 1406
Last page 1428
Country United States
State Colorado
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