Minor element abundance in a part of the Brazilian shield

Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
By:  and 



Thirty-nine samples of granitic rocks from the Quadrilátero Ferrifero, Minas Gerais, Brazil, representing "mixed" ages and at least three distinct Pre-Cambrian ages were analysed for seventeen minor elements. The rocks are placed in five groups:, (1) 2400 million year old group;, (2) Bacao complex younger, a group of mixed rocks derived from, (1) and, (3);, (3) 1350 million year old group;, (4) a 500 million year old gneissic group;, (5) a 500 million year old silicic group, a later differentiate of a 500 million year old magma.

Compared to granitic rocks elsewhere, these Brazilian rocks are about average in Ba, So, Zr, Pb, Nb, Co, Ni, Be and Mo; above average in La and Y; and below average in Cu, Sr, Ga, Sn, V and Cr. Compared to metasedimentary rocks elsewhere in the world., metasedimentary rocks of this region are about average in all seventeen minor elements.

Sr has its greatest abundance in the 2400 million year old rocks; Ba, V, Co, Sc, Cr, Ni and Cu in the 1350 million year; and La, Nb, Sn, Zr, Y and Ga in the 500 million year silicic. These abundances are in accord with the petrology and chemistry of the rocks. The 1350 million year rocks are the most mafic of the group and should logically concentrate Ba, V, Co, So, Or, Ni and Cu which are most abundant in earlier crystallates. The 500 million year old silicic rocks are the most felsic and should concentrate La, Nb, Sn, Zr, Y and Ga, which are all most abundant in the latest fractions of granitic magna crystallization.

The trace elements also lend support to the idea that the Bacao complex rocks developed by anatexis of 2400 million year rocks during the 1350 -pillion year orogeny. Cu, Sc, Ga, Zr, Sn and Nb have about the same magnitude in the Bagao and the 2400 million year rocks and Sr, V, Co, Or and Ni are lower in the BagAo than either the 2400 or the 1350 million yoar old rocks. This lower abundance is a probable effect of "debasif-cation" which is also brought out by the analysis of major constituents.

The effects of a geochemical migration of the elements in this part of the earth's crust may be indicated by the increased abundance of Y in successivol y younger rock types. The increase of La, Nb, Pb, Sn, Y and Zr in the 1350 million year rocks compared to the 2,100 million year rocks might also be an effect of a secular migration.

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Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Minor element abundance in a part of the Brazilian shield
Series title Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
DOI 10.1016/S0016-7037(60)80004-X
Volume 21
Issue 1-2
Year Published 1960
Language English
Publisher Elsevier
Description 18 p.
First page 81
Last page 98
Country Brazil
Other Geospatial southeast Brazil
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