Unconsolidated deposits of the Cuddalore series of Miocene age underlie much of the coastal plain of southern Madras. Several lignite seams occur in a thick sequence of sand, gravel, and clay that dips seaward about 40 to 100 feet per mile. The principal seam of lignite mapped in the Neyveli area averages more than 50 feet in thickness, underlies at least 80 square miles, and occurs at a minimum depth of 165 feet near Neyveli, where deposits totalling 230 million tons have been proved in an area of 4J square miles. The lignite seam is immediately underlain, throughout its area of occurrence, by a thick bed of sand and gravel that contains artesian water, the head of which is more than 100 feet above the top of the lignite at Neyveli. The sand and gravel aquifer is exposed to recharge in and near its outcrop area, 6 to 10 miles northwest of Neyveli, where the average annual rainfall is 41 inches. Hydraulic tests of the aquifer indicate that ground-water control for mining by opencast from a pit 6,000 feet long and 1,200 feet wide will require continuous withdrawal of about 40,000 gallons (Imperial) per minute from wells in and adjacent to the mine. The well field, including 50 to 65 large-capacity wells, must move with the open cut; and no appreciable decrease in the withdrawal rate can be expected throughout the life of the mine, which is designed to produce about 3j million tons of raw lignite per year.
|Publication Subtype||Journal Article|
|Title||Ground-water control in the Neyveli lignite field, South Arcot district, Madras State, India|
|Series title||Economic Geology|
|Publisher||Society of Economic Geologists|
|Google Analytic Metrics||Metrics page|