Degree of oxidation of adirondack iron oxide and iron-titanium oxide minerals in relation to petrogeny

Journal of Petrology
By: , and 



Partial chemical analyses of the accessory iron oxide and iron-titanium oxide minerals from more than one hundred samples of Adirondack igneous, metamorphic, and metasomatic rocks portray the degree of oxidation of the minerals and afford a basis for a discussion of their relation to the accompanying silicate assemblage and petrogeny. Among the granitic igneous rocks, the green pyroxenic facies have the least oxidized iron-titanium oxide minerals and a pink potassium-rich microperthitic microcline facies the most oxidized. Granites and syenites may crystallize with either an iron-rich variety of hornblende (or pyroxene) plus ilmenite, or with an iron-magnesium variety of hornblende (or of pyroxene) plus magnetite plus ilmenite, depending on the degree of oxidation. The granite facies of the orthogneisses of the Diana Complex (Precambrian) have a more oxidized mineral assemblage than the syenitic and quartz syenitic facies. The anorthosites and gabbro anorthosites have relatively oxygen-rich oxide minerals. Orthogneisses in the granulite facies have a lower ratio of Fe 2 O 3 /FeO than similar gneisses in the amphibolite facies. At least part of this lower ratio is due to metamorphism at higher temperatures and pressures. A regional belt of granitic orthogneiss metamorphosed in the amphibolite facies has a magnetite-sphene instead of a magnetite-ilmenite assemblage. Metasomatism of biotite-quartz-plagioclase gneiss to sillimanitic quartz-microcline gneisses is accompanied by decrease in mafic silicates and a series of changes of minerals in intermediate stages such that, in general, biotite yields with increasing degrees of oxidation successively such assemblages as (1) biotite, garnet, magnetite, hemo-ilmenite, and ilmeno-hematite; (2) pale brown mica, sillimanite, magnetite, and ilmeno-hematite; and (3) rutilo-hematite, rutile, and meagre silicates including sillimanite, muscovite, and chlorite. Diabase altered to monzodiorite by potassium-bearing solutions has ilmeno-magnetite partly altered to ilmeno-maghemite.

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Degree of oxidation of adirondack iron oxide and iron-titanium oxide minerals in relation to petrogeny
Series title Journal of Petrology
DOI 10.1093/petrology/4.1.138
Volume 4
Issue 1
Year Published 1963
Language English
Publisher Oxford University Press
Description 32 p.
Last page 138
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