Ages of minerals from metamorphic and igneous rocks near Iron Mountain, Michigan

Journal of Petrology
By: , and 



More than 100 independent isotopic ages have been determined for minerals from an area in northern Michigan about 35 miles square. Granites, pegmatites, and metamorphosed sedimentary and volcanic rocks have yielded Rb-Sr ages for feldspar, muscovite, and biotite, K-Ar ages for hornblende, muscovite, biotite, and feldspar, and U-Pb and Th-Pb ages for zircon. It was anticipated that we would learn from the measurements both the intrusive and metamorphic history of the area and would be able to place limits on the age of the Precambrian sediments in this area. The conclusions may be summarized as follows: (1) Granites and pegmatites with approximate ages of 2,700 and 1,900 m.y. have been found. (2) The major mineral-forming metamorphic event occurred between 1,800 and 2,000 m.y. ago. (3) The Precambrian sedimentary rocks called Animikie are older than 1, 900 m.y. and younger than 2,700 m.y. (4) Biotite Rb-Sr and K-Ar ages and muscovite K-Ar ages were strongly modified by the equivalent of a rise in temperature approximately 1,350 m.y. ago, although no mineral-forming event in this interval has been observed. (5) The K-Ar system was further affected by a thermal rise at about 1,100 m.y. This later event is probably recorded geologically by a few diabase dikes.The resistance to post-formation thermal events shown by the various minerals and decay systems tested may be classified as follows (lowest to highest): feldspar K-Ar, biotite K-Ar, muscovite K-Ar, biotite Rb-Sr, zircon U238-Pb206, zircon Th-Pb208, zircon U235-Pb207, muscovite Rb-Sr, feldspar Rb-Sr. The few hornblende K-Ar measurements indicate that the resistance of this system is about comparable to that of muscovite and feldspar Rb-Sr. The Pb207-Pb206 age derived from the two U-Pb ages is somewhat more resistant to change than the feldspar Rb-Sr ages.

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Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Ages of minerals from metamorphic and igneous rocks near Iron Mountain, Michigan
Series title Journal of Petrology
DOI 10.1093/petrology/6.3.445
Volume 6
Issue 3
Year Published 1965
Language English
Publisher Oxford University Press
Description 28 p.
First page 445
Last page 472
Country United States
State Michigan
City Iron Mountain
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