Permeability and storage characteristics in the Tertiary limestone system of southern United States have developed progressively but non-uniformly as circulation of water and solution in the limestone have changed during the geologic and hydrologic history.
The limestone formations, predominantly of Eocene age and subordinated of Oligocene and Miocene age, are widespread at and beneath the surface. They commonly dip gently seaward and are covered in coastal areas by Miocene to Recent clays and sands. Sinkholes and other karst features are common, but topographic relief is generally not great.
Circulation of water under water-table conditions when the limestone was exposed to meteoric weathering, before middle Miocene time, resulted in development of secondary permeability as solution channels in near-surface parts of the limestone, Marine deposition of middle and late Miocene clays and later emergence converted part of the water-table circulation system to the present great artesian system. Later, Pleistocene changes in sea level caused changed in places where water discharged, which in turn caused changes in rates of circulation and changes in rates and positions of solution of limestone. Both present and past circulation of water have contributed to changes in permeability and storage of this limestone system.
|Publication Subtype||Journal Article|
|Title||Development of permeability and storage in the tertiary limestones of the southeastern states, USA|
|Series title||International Association of Scientific Hydrology - Bulletin|
|Publisher||Taylor & Francis|
|Other Geospatial||Southeastern United States|
|Google Analytic Metrics||Metrics page|