Monitoring of changes in quality of ground water




Ground water of acceptable quality is commonly interspersed with water of inferior quality. Water of inferior quality may be naturally occurring salty water commonly underlying fresh water, or it may be enclaves of contaminated water from wastes that lie in the fresh-water bodies. Disposal of wastes on and in the ground and pumping of water from wells cause a dispersion of contaminated water; migration of contaminated water toward wells may be spontaneously induced by the natural hydraulic gradient, or it may be induced artificially by the cone of depression about one or more wells. Economic methods of determining precisely the boundary zones between contaminated and uncontaminated water are not available. Much reliance is placed on monitoring wells.

A prerequisite to monitoring is a synthetic hydrogeologic framework or model in which the behavior of the contaminated water is conceived. Such a conceptual model, using pertinent data that are available, helps to assess the need for monitoring and to guide a monitoring program for optimum results. Unplanned, indiscriminate monitoring of water from wells is expensive, inefficient, and fallible. The need for monitoring will increase in the future; yet, the proper objective is to improve the technology of determining the distribution of contaminated water so that monitoring can be minimized and conducted with optimum results.

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Monitoring of changes in quality of ground water
Series title Groundwater
DOI 10.1111/j.1745-6584.1968.tb01645.x
Volume 6
Issue 3
Year Published 1968
Language English
Publisher NGWA The Groundwater Association
Description 5 p.
First page 14
Last page 18
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