Geologic implications of aeromagnetic data for the eastern continental margin of the United States

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An aeromagnetic survey extending from the Gulf of Maine to the tip of Florida was conducted by the U. S. Naval Oceanographic Office between 1964 and 1966. Flight traverses were flown in a northwesterly direction at right angles to the geologic grain. The flight lines were approximately 800 km long and had an 8-km separation. The survey traversed part of the New England, Piedmont, and Coastal Plain provinces and extended some 320 km beyond the continental shelf into the Atlantic Ocean. Despite the wide flight-line spacing, numerous geological and structural features became apparent from this survey. Interpretation of these features was aided by using the available gravity and seismic data in addition to the State and Provincial geologic maps. The residual aeromagnetic map shows a continuous magnetic high on or near the continental slope as far south as the 31st parallel. At about the 36th parallel, this east-coast magnetic anomaly splits into two branches, and both of them parallel the 850-fathom contour. At the 31st parallel, the outer branch of the anomaly swings westward and crosses the coastline near Brunswick, Georgia. This continuous magnetic anomaly may result from an igneous intrusive body that parallels the edge of the pre-Paleozoic continental landmass. These magnetic data suggest that Florida and part of Georgia were added to the paleo-continent in pre-Paleozoic time. Landward from the east-coast anomaly, the magnetic field is quite variable, whereas oceanward it has an extremely small gradient. The absence of magnetic anomalies east of the continental slope suggests that in this region layer 2 may be composed of metamorphosed basalt. The characteristic magnetic patterns observed over the Piedmont and New England provinces extend oceanward to the east-coast anomaly. 

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Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Geologic implications of aeromagnetic data for the eastern continental margin of the United States
Series title Geophysics
DOI 10.1190/1.1439970
Volume 33
Issue 5
Year Published 1968
Language English
Publisher Society of Exploration Geophysicists
Description 26 p.
First page 755
Last page 780
Country United States
Other Geospatial Eastern United States
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