Although both laboratory and field studies are needed to effectively assess effects and risk of contaminants to free-living organisms, the limitations of each must be understood. The objectives of this paper are to examine information on field studies of reproductive effects of perfluorinated substances (PFASs) on bird populations, discuss the differences among field studies, and then place those results in context with laboratory studies. Hypotheses to explain the divergences between field studies and between laboratory and field studies will be discussed. Those differences include mixture issues, misattribution of the mechanism or the specific PFAS causing impairments, as well as other possible reasons. Finally, suggestions to better link laboratory and field studies will be presented. Integr Environ Assess Manag 2021;17:690–696. Published 2021. This article is a US Government work and is in the public domain in the USA.
|Publication Subtype||Journal Article|
|Title||Linking field and laboratory studies: Reproductive effects of perfluorinated substances on avian populations|
|Series title||Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management|
|Publisher||Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry|
|Contributing office(s)||Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center|
|Google Analytic Metrics||Metrics page|