Experimental evaluation of spatial capture–recapture study design

Ecological Applications
By: , and 

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Abstract

A principal challenge impeding strong inference in analyses of wild populations is the lack of robust and long-term data sets. Recent advancements in analytical tools used in wildlife science may increase our ability to integrate smaller data sets and enhance the statistical power of population estimates. One such advancement, the development of spatial capture–recapture (SCR) methods, explicitly accounts for differences in spatial study designs, making it possible to equate multiple study designs in one analysis. SCR has been shown to be robust to variation in design as long as minimal sampling guidance is adhered to. However, these expectations are based on simulation and have yet to be evaluated in wild populations. Here we conduct a rigorously designed field experiment by manipulating the arrangement of artificial cover objects (ACOs) used to collect data on red-backed salamanders (Plethodon cinereus) to empirically evaluate the effects of design configuration on inference made using SCR. Our results suggest that, using SCR, estimates of space use and detectability are sensitive to study design configuration, namely the spacing and extent of the array, and that caution is warranted when assigning biological interpretation to these parameters. However, estimates of population density remain robust to design except when the configuration of detectors grossly violates existing recommendations.

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Experimental evaluation of spatial capture–recapture study design
Series title Ecological Applications
DOI 10.1002/eap.2419
Edition Online First
Year Published 2021
Language English
Publisher Ecological Society of America
Contributing office(s) Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Eastern Ecological Science Center
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