Application of deep electrical soundings for groundwater exploration in Hawaii

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Forty-five resistivity soundings, using Schlumberger and equatorial dipole electrode configurations, were made on the islands of Oahu and Hawaii to determine the applicability of direct current resistivity methods for locating freshwater aquifers in the State of Hawaii. The soundings were made on the northwestern part of the island of Oahu near the town of Waialua and on the island of Hawaii on the "saddle" area near Pohakuloa and Humuula. Interpretation of 32 sounding curves obtained on the island of Oahu indicates that it is possible to correlate five stratigraphic units underlain by a vesicular basalt basement and that the determination of the approximate depth to the freshwater-saline-water interface within the basalt is feasible. Two of these Schlumberger soundings with electrode spacings AB/2 reaching 6000 ft yielded sounding curves of the maximum and minimum types whose terminal branches asymptotically approach a resistivity of about 30 ohm, which is believed to be the true resistivity of basalt saturated with sea water. Near the town of Waialua the aquifer is a coral zone as well as parts of the weathered vesicular basalt basement. On the island of Hawaii, near Pohakuloa, an exploratory well drilled in basalt to a depth of 1001 ft (prior to the resistivity survey) proved to be dry. Interpretation of thirteen deep soundings made with Schlumberger and equatorial arrays suggests that the minimum depth to a conductive layer, which may represent basalt saturated with fresh water, is about 2700 ft below land surface. The groundwater appears to be dike impounded.

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Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Application of deep electrical soundings for groundwater exploration in Hawaii
Series title Geophysics
DOI 10.1190/1.1440033
Volume 34
Issue 4
Year Published 1969
Language English
Publisher Society of Exploration Geophysicists
Description 17 p.
First page 584
Last page 600
Country United States
State Hawaii
City Humuula, Pohakuloa, Waialua
Other Geospatial Hawaii, Oahu
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