Mangrove forests occur worldwide along tropical coasts in inundated soils where primary production and anaerobic conditions contribute to the building of soil organic matter (Also see Mangroves Hot-spot, Volume 2). Note that peat may accumulate in certain coastal mangrove (Middleton and McKee, 2001). The actual amount of soil organic matter stored in these wetlands depends on the balance between primary production and decomposition processes (Middleton and McKee, 2001; Kolka et al., 2018; Middleton, 2020). The restoration of mangroves can increase carbon stocks both in soil and aboveground biomass (Wickland et al., 2013; Chimner et al., 2017; Friess et al., 2019). While tropical inland peatland forests may have higher carbon sequestration rates than mangrove swamps, methane (CH4) emissions are generally lower in mangrove swamp, so that these wetlands have greater carbon sequestration potential (Kolka et al., 2018; Al-Haj and Fulweiler, 2020). Mangroves and forested boreal and temperate peatlands tend to store more carbon than non-forested peatlands (Kolka et al., 2018).