People need freshwater biodiversity

WIREs Water
By: , and 



Freshwater biodiversity, from fish to frogs and microbes to macrophytes, provides a vast array of services to people. Mounting concerns focus on the accelerating pace of biodiversity loss and declining ecological function within freshwater ecosystems that continue to threaten these natural benefits. Here, we catalog nine fundamental ecosystem services that the biotic components of indigenous freshwater biodiversity provide to people, organized into three categories: material (food; health and genetic resources; material goods), non-material (culture; education and science; recreation), and regulating (catchment integrity; climate regulation; water purification and nutrient cycling). If freshwater biodiversity is protected, conserved, and restored in an integrated manner, as well as more broadly appreciated by humanity, it will continue to contribute to human well-being and our sustainable future via this wide range of services and associated nature-based solutions to our sustainable future.

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title People need freshwater biodiversity
Series title WIREs Water
DOI 10.1002/wat2.1633
Volume 10
Issue 3
Year Published 2023
Language English
Publisher Wiley
Contributing office(s) National Climate Adaptation Science Center
Description e1633, 31 p.
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