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The Surge, Wave, and Tide Hydrodynamics (SWaTH) network of the U.S. Geological Survey—Past and future implementation of storm-response monitoring, data collection, and data delivery

Circular 1431

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https://doi.org/10.3133/cir1431

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Abstract

After Hurricane Sandy made landfall along the northeastern Atlantic coast of the United States on October 29, 2012, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) carried out scientific investigations to assist with protecting coastal communities and resources from future flooding. The work included development and implementation of the Surge, Wave, and Tide Hydrodynamics (SWaTH) network consisting of more than 900 monitoring stations. The SWaTH network was designed to greatly improve the collection and timely dissemination of information related to storm surge and coastal flooding. The network provides a significant enhancement to USGS data-collection capabilities in the region impacted by Hurricane Sandy and represents a new strategy for observing and monitoring coastal storms, which should result in improved understanding, prediction, and warning of storm-surge impacts and lead to more resilient coastal communities.

As innovative as it is, SWaTH evolved from previous USGS efforts to collect storm-surge data needed by others to improve storm-surge modeling, warning, and mitigation. This report discusses the development and implementation of the SWaTH network, and some of the regional stories associated with the landfall of Hurricane Sandy, as well as some previous events that informed the SWaTH development effort. Additional discussions on the mechanics of inundation and how the USGS is working with partners to help protect coastal communities from future storm impacts are also included.

Suggested Citation

Verdi, R.J., Lotspeich, R.R., Robbins, J.C., Busciolano, R.J., Mullaney, J.R., Massey, A.J., Banks, W.S., Roland, M.A., Jenter, H.L., Peppler, M.C., Suro, T.P., Schubert, C.E., and Nardi, M.R., 2017, The surge, wave, and tide hydrodynamics (SWaTH) network of the U.S. Geological Survey—Past and future implementation of storm-response monitoring, data collection, and data delivery: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1431, 35 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/cir1431.

ISSN: 2330-5703 (online)

ISSN: 1067-084X (print)

Study Area

Table of Contents

  • Abstract 
  • Introduction
  • Mechanics of Inundation
  • USGS Storm Response Since 1993
  • Regional Stories
  • Forecasting, Monitoring, and Reporting for the Future
  • Summary
  • Acknowledgments
  • References Cited

Additional publication details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Title:
The Surge, Wave, and Tide Hydrodynamics (SWaTH) network of the U.S. Geological Survey—Past and future implementation of storm-response monitoring, data collection, and data delivery
Series title:
Circular
Series number:
1431
ISBN:
ISBN 978-1-4113-4149-4
DOI:
10.3133/cir1431
Year Published:
2017
Language:
English
Publisher:
U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location:
Reston, VA
Contributing office(s):
Office of Surface Water
Description:
iv, 35 p.
Country:
United States
State:
Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Rhode Island, Virginia
Online Only (Y/N):
N
Additional Online Files (Y/N):
N