United States-Chile binational exchange for volcanic risk reduction, 2015—Activities and benefits

Circular 1432
Prepared in cooperation with Red Nacional de Vigilancia Volcánica del Servicio Nacional de Geología y Minería de Chile
By: , and 

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Abstract

In 2015, representatives from the United States and Chile exchanged visits to discuss and share their expertise and experiences dealing with volcano hazards. Communities in both countries are at risk from various volcano hazards. Risks to lives and property posed by these hazards are a function not only of the type and size of future eruptions but also of distances from volcanoes, structural integrity of volcanic edifices, landscape changes imposed by recent past eruptions, exposure of people and resources to harm, and any mitigative measures taken (or not taken) to reduce risk. Thus, effective risk-reduction efforts require the knowledge and consideration of many factors, and firsthand experience with past volcano crises provides a tremendous advantage for this work. However, most scientists monitoring volcanoes and most officials delegated with the responsibility for emergency response and management in volcanic areas have little or no firsthand experience with eruptions or volcano hazards. The reality is that eruptions are infrequent in most regions, and individual volcanoes may have dormant periods lasting hundreds to thousands of years. Knowledge may be lacking about how to best plan for and manage future volcanic crises, and much can be learned from the sharing of insights and experiences among counterpart specialists who have had direct, recent, or different experiences in dealing with restless volcanoes and threatened populations. The sharing of information and best practices can help all volcano scientists and officials to better prepare for future eruptions or noneruptive volcano hazards, such as large volcanic mudflows (lahars), which could affect their communities.

Suggested Citation

Pierson, T.C., Mangan, M.T., Lara Pulgar, L.E., Amigo Ramos, Álvaro, 2017, United States-Chile binational exchange for volcanic risk reduction, 2015—Activities and benefits: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1432, 43 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/cir1432.

ISSN: 2330-5703 (online)

ISSN: 1067-084X (print)

Table of Contents

  • United States-Chile Binational Exchange Delegates
  • Acronyms and Abbreviations
  • Introduction
  • Past Volcanic Activity and Crisis-Response Challenges at Chaitén Volcano and Long Valley Volcanic Region
  • Exchange Delegates
  • Exchange Activities in Chile
  • Exchange Activities in the United States
  • Benefits for Exchange Participants
  • Summary
  • References Cited
  • Appendix 1. Pretrip Questionnaires
  • Appendix 2. Posttrip Questionnaires

Additional publication details

Publication type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Title United States-Chile binational exchange for volcanic risk reduction, 2015—Activities and benefits
Series title Circular
Series number 1432
ISBN 978-1-4113-4155-5
DOI 10.3133/cir1432
Year Published 2017
Language English
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location Reston, VA
Contributing office(s) Volcano Science Center
Description vi, 43 p.
Online Only (Y/N) N
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