This standard establishes uniform formats for geographic point location data. Geographic point location refers to the use of a coordinate system to define the position of a point that may be on, above, or below the Earth's surface. It provides a means for representing these data in digital form for the purpose of interchanging information among data systems and improving clarity and accuracy of interpersonal communications.
This document is an expansion and clarification of National Bureau of Standards FIPS PUB 70, issued October 24, 1980. There are minor editorial changes, plus the following additions and modifications:
(I) The representation of latitude and longitude using radian measure was added.
(2) Alternate 2 for Representation of Hemispheric Information was deleted.
(3) Use of the maximum precision for all numerical values was emphasized. The Alternate Representation of Precision was deleted.
(4) The length of the zone representation for the State Plane Coordinate System was standardized.
(5) The term altitude was substituted for elevation throughout to conform with international usage.
(6) Section 3, Specifications for Altitude Data, was expanded and upgraded significantly to the same level of detail as for the
(7) A table delineating the coverage of Universal Transverse Mercator zones and the longitudes of the Central Meridians was added and the other tables renumbered.
(8) The total length of the representation of point location data at maximum precision was standardized.
Additional publication details
USGS Numbered Series
A U.S. Geological Survey Data Standard (Specifications for representation of geographic point locations for information interchange)