Water-Level Data for the Albuquerque Basin and Adjacent Areas, Central New Mexico, Period of Record Through September 30, 2021

Data Report 1162
Prepared in cooperation with the Albuquerque Bernalillo County Water Utility Authority
By:  and 

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Abstract

The Albuquerque Basin, located in central New Mexico, is about 100 miles long and 25–40 miles wide. The basin is hydrologically defined as the extent of consolidated and unconsolidated deposits of Tertiary and Quaternary age that encompasses the structural Rio Grande Rift between San Acacia to the south and Cochiti Lake to the north. A 20-percent population increase in the basin from 1990 to 2000 and a 22-percent population increase from 2000 to 2010 resulted in an increased demand for water in areas within the basin. Drinking-water supplies throughout the basin were obtained primarily from groundwater resources until December 2008, when the Albuquerque Bernalillo County Water Utility Authority (ABCWUA) began treatment and distribution of surface water from the Rio Grande through the San Juan-Chama Drinking Water Project.

An initial network of wells was established by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in cooperation with the City of Albuquerque from April 1982 through September 1983 to monitor changes in groundwater levels throughout the Albuquerque Basin. In 1983, this network consisted of 6 wells with analog-to-digital recorders and 27 wells where water levels were measured monthly. As of water year 2021, the network consisted of 120 wells and piezometers at 54 locations. The USGS, in cooperation with the ABCWUA, the New Mexico Office of the State Engineer, and Bernalillo County, measures water levels at the wells and piezometers in the network; this report, prepared in cooperation with the ABCWUA, presents water-level data collected by USGS personnel at the sites through water year 2021 (October 1, 2020, through September 30, 2021). Water-level data that were collected in previous water years from wells that were later discontinued were published in previous USGS reports.

Introduction

The Albuquerque Basin, located in central New Mexico, is about 100 miles long and 25–40 miles wide (fig. 1). The basin is defined as the extent of consolidated and unconsolidated deposits of Tertiary and Quaternary age that encompasses the structural Rio Grande Rift (Thorn and others, 1993). The basin is approximately bisected by the southward-flowing Rio Grande, the only perennial stream extending through the length of it. The study area, which includes the Albuquerque Basin and adjacent areas, extends from just upstream from Cochiti Lake south to San Acacia and from near Tijeras Canyon west to near the intersection of Interstate 40 and the Bernalillo-Cibola County line.

Figure 1. Map of study area, active monitoring wells and piezometers, Albuquerque
                     Basin area, central New Mexico.
Figure 1.

Location of the study area and active monitoring wells and piezometers in and adjacent to the Albuquerque Basin, central New Mexico.

In 2000, the population of the Albuquerque Basin was about 690,000 (Bartolino and Cole, 2002). According to 2010 U.S. Census Bureau data, the 2010 population was about 840,000 (U.S. Census Bureau, 2019; calculated as the sum of population for census tract centers within the basin). The basin population increased about 20 percent from 1990 to 2000 (Thorn and others, 1993; Bartolino and Cole, 2002) and about 22 percent from 2000 to 2010 (U.S. Census Bureau, 2019). The majority of the population is concentrated within the city limits of Albuquerque, which had a population of 448,607 in 2000 and 545,852 in 2010 (U.S. Census Bureau, 2012). Prior to 2008, drinking water in the Albuquerque Basin was primarily sourced from groundwater, resulting in an increase in groundwater withdrawals as population increased (Albuquerque Bernalillo County Water Utility Authority [ABCWUA], 2016). Since 2008, groundwater sourced for drinking water has been supplemented with surface water by the San Juan-Chama Drinking Water Project, along with water reuse and reclamation projects (ABCWUA, 2016). The San Juan-Chama Drinking Water Project is a diversion project that imports surface water from the headwaters of the San Juan River in the Colorado River Basin to the Rio Grande Basin (ABCWUA, 2016).

An initial network of wells was established by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in cooperation with the City of Albuquerque from April 1982 through September 1983 to monitor changes in groundwater levels throughout the Albuquerque Basin. In 1983, this groundwater monitoring network consisted of 6 wells with analog-to-digital recorders and 27 wells where water levels were measured monthly. Since the initial installation, additional wells and piezometers1[1] have been added to the network; as of the 2021 water year,2[2] there are 54 locations with 120 measuring points (tables 1, 2, and 3). Of the wells and piezometers, 60 are equipped with continuously recording data loggers (table 2); 55 are measured discretely semiannually, quarterly, or every 2–3 months with a steel or electric tape (table 1); and 5 are measured using both types of measurements (table 3). Discrete measurements are also collected at sites equipped with data loggers but are not shown in this report with the exception of those from sites 42–45, which have more than 10 years of discrete measurements prior to the installation of continuously recording data loggers, and those from site 229 (table 3). Discrete measurements collected at sites equipped with data loggers are generally used for calibration and correction of inaccuracies in water levels resulting from drift, hysteresis, temperature effects, and offsets (Cunningham and Schalk, 2011).

Table 1.    

Data for wells and piezometers active in water year 2021 in and adjacent to the Albuquerque Basin, central New Mexico, at which discrete water levels were measured with steel or electric tapes.

[USGS, U.S. Geological Survey; --, no data or not applicable. Well data from USGS (2022). Latitude and longitude are in decimal degrees and in conformance with the North American Datum of 1983. Discontinuity in numbering sequence is due to wells omitted from this report because of lack of recent data collection. Data from discontinued wells can be seen in previous USGS Open-File Reports and Data Series (Kues, 1987; Rankin, 1994, 1996, 1998, 1999, 2000; DeWees, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2006; Beman, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2020; Beman and Torres, 2010; Beman and Bryant, 2016; Beman and others, 2019; Ritchie and Galanter, 2019; Jurney and Bell, 2021)]

Site
number
Figure
number
USGS
site number
Local
identifier
Other
identifier
Latitude Longitude Well depth
(feet below
land surface)
Screened interval
(feet below
land surface)
2 1 341528106533301 01S.01W.01.213 -- 34.25784459 -106.89308333 38 --
4 1 342107106530401 02N.01E.31.313 Sevilleta Refuge Headquarters 34.35200976 -106.88502789 223 210–220
9 1 344258106460901 06N.02E.30.412A Estes 1 34.71616861 -106.76974946 135 125–130
10 1 344258106460902 06N.02E.30.412B Estes 5 34.71616861 -106.76974946 300 265–270
12 2 350137106410501 09N.02E.12.214A Rio Bravo Nest 1 35.02699256 -106.68530346 149 139–144
13 2 350137106410502 09N.02E.12.214B Rio Bravo Nest 1 35.02699256 -106.68530346 104 94–99
14 2 350137106410503 09N.02E.12.214C Rio Bravo Nest 1 35.02699256 -106.68530346 38 28–33
15 2 350138106395501 09N.03E.07.131A Rio Bravo Nest 2 35.02727042 -106.66585862 154 144–149
16 2 350138106395502 09N.03E.07.131B Rio Bravo Nest 2 35.02727042 -106.66585862 91 81–86
17 2 350138106395503 09N.03E.07.131C Rio Bravo Nest 2 35.02727042 -106.66585862 49 39–44
18 2 350138106393201 09N.03E.07.241A Rio Bravo Nest 3 35.02727045 -106.65946960 148 138–143
19 2 350138106393202 09N.03E.07.241B Rio Bravo Nest 3 35.02727045 -106.65946960 101 91–96
20 2 350138106393203 09N.03E.07.241C Rio Bravo Nest 3 35.02727045 -106.65946960 49 39–44
24 2 350138106401103 09N.03E.07.114B Rio Bravo Nest 5 35.02780278 -106.67106944 515 500–510
25 2 350138106401101 09N.03E.07.114 Rio Bravo Nest 5 35.02781111 -106.67103333 150 135–145
26 2 350138106401102 09N.03E.07.114A Rio Bravo Nest 5 35.02778611 -106.67103611 22 7–17
27 2 350854106403701 11N.02E.25.341A Montaño Nest 1 35.14837767 -106.67752663 152 140–145
28 2 350854106403702 11N.02E.25.341B Montaño Nest 1 35.14837767 -106.67752663 93 83–88
29 2 350854106403703 11N.02E.25.341C Montaño Nest 1 35.14837767 -106.67752663 48 40–45
30 2 350836106395601 11N.03E.31.122A Montaño Nest 2 35.14337788 -106.66613746 147 138–143
32 2 350836106395603 11N.03E.31.122C Montaño Nest 2 35.14337788 -106.66613746 40 30–35
33 2 350827106391301 11N.03E.32.132A Montaño Nest 3 35.14087802 -106.65419275 150 140–145
34 2 350827106391302 11N.03E.32.132B Montaño Nest 3 35.14087802 -106.65419275 99 90–95
35 2 350827106391303 11N.03E.32.132C Montaño Nest 3 35.14087802 -106.65419275 50 40–45
36 2 350821106383701 11N.03E.32.234A Montaño Nest 4 35.13921145 -106.64419253 132 123–128
37 2 350821106383702 11N.03E.32.234B Montaño Nest 4 35.13921145 -106.64419253 94 85–90
38 2 350821106383703 11N.03E.32.234C Montaño Nest 4 35.13937811 -106.64455365 50 40–45
39 2 350859106401601 11N.03E.30.313 Montaño Nest 5 35.14976654 -106.67169319 25 10–20
40 2 350859106401602 11N.03E.30.313A Montaño Nest 5 35.14976654 -106.67169319 75 60–70
41 2 350859106401603 11N.03E.30.313B Montaño Nest 5 35.14976654 -106.67169319 150 135–145
46 2 351059106385903 11N.03E.17.141B Paseo del Norte Nest 1 35.18289722 -106.65065556 600 545–555
47 2 351059106385901 11N.03E.17.141 Paseo del Norte Nest 1 35.18289722 -106.65065556 150 135–145
48 2 351059106385902 11N.03E.17.141A Paseo del Norte Nest 1 35.18289722 -106.65065556 25 10–20
49 2 351057106384201 11N.03E.17.233 Paseo del Norte Nest 2 35.18254342 -106.64558184 150 135–145
50 2 351057106384202 11N.03E.17.233A Paseo del Norte Nest 2 35.18254342 -106.64558184 95 80–90
51 2 351057106384203 11N.03E.17.233B Paseo del Norte Nest 2 35.18254342 -106.64558184 45 30–40
53 2 351035106364703 11N.03E.15.344C Paseo del Norte Nest 3 35.17686944 -106.61366667 544 539–544
54 2 351035106364702 11N.03E.15.344B Paseo del Norte Nest 3 35.17686944 -106.61366667 144 139–144
55 2 351035106364701 11N.03E.15.344A Paseo del Norte Nest 3 35.17686944 -106.61366667 69 64–69
68 1 350602106210401 10N.05E.12.434 Home Oil 35.10060157 -106.35169117 54 --
70 2 350548106383901 10N.03E.17.232 City 1 35.09643056 -106.64495000 149 139–149
71 2 350824106375301 11N.03E.33.143 City 2 35.14004482 -106.63197006 150 140–150
72 2 350837106393801 11N.03E.31.214 City 3 35.14337791 -106.66113736 152 142–152
73 2 350646106403601 10N.02E.12.241 City 4 35.11282323 -106.67724852 150 140–150
76 1 350454106570401 10N.01W.21.134 Cañoncito 35.08171142 -106.95170006 117 --
81 1 351852106344901 13N.03E.36.132A San Miguel 35.31473333 -106.58128611 206 --
83 2 350829106420401 11N.02E.35.142 La Luz del Sol 35.14341389 -106.70094722 250 230–245
87 2 351009106344701 11N.03E.24.142 Pino Yards 35.16921082 -106.58030259 360 320–360
218 2 350653106311603 10N.04E.09.214B Matheson Park 35.11477500 -106.52182222 705 600–700
222 1 345842106443101 09N.02E.28.312 Niese Road 34.97850833 -106.74157778 1,455 1,445–1,450
223 1 345842106443102 09N.02E.28.312A Niese Road 34.97850833 -106.74157778 960 950–955
224 1 345842106443103 09N.02E.28.312B Niese Road 34.97850833 -106.74157778 297 242–292
230 1 352019106474801 13N.01E.24.313 Phoenix Road 35.33926111 -106.79660278 1,625 1,600–1,620
231 1 351040106482801 11N.01E.14.342 Paradise Road 35.17772222 -106.80766667 1,735 1,720–1,730
237 1 350552106444601 10N.02E.17.242 Arroyo Vista 35.09775000 -106.74633333 1,424 520–1,424

Table 2.    

Data for wells and piezometers active in water year 2021 in and adjacent to the Albuquerque Basin, central New Mexico, at which water levels were measured with continuously recording data loggers.

[USGS, U.S. Geological Survey; --, no data or not applicable. Well data from USGS (2022). Latitude and longitude are in decimal degrees and in conformance with the North American Datum of 1983. Discontinuity in numbering sequence is due to wells omitted from this report because of lack of recent data collection. Data from discontinued wells can be seen in previous USGS Open-File Reports and Data Series (Kues, 1987; Rankin, 1994, 1996, 1998, 1999, 2000; DeWees, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2006; Beman, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2020; Beman and Torres, 2010; Beman and Bryant, 2016; Beman and others, 2019; Ritchie and Galanter, 2019; Jurney and Bell, 2021)]

Site
number
Figure
number
USGS
site number
Local
identifier
Other
identifier
Latitude Longitude Well depth
(feet below
land surface)
Screened interval
(feet below
land surface)
64 2 350256106390801 10N.03E.32.314 San Jose 9 35.04897222 -106.65331944 765 189–765
165 2 350908106344401 11N.03E.25.322 Sister Cities 35.15256667 -106.57949167 1,308 1,298–1,303
166 2 350908106344402 11N.03E.25.322A Sister Cities 35.15256667 -106.57949167 799 789–794
167 2 350534106354701 10N.03E.14.324 Del Sol Divider 35.09302222 -106.59702778 1,567 1,557–1,562
168 2 350534106354702 10N.03E.14.324A Del Sol Divider 35.09302222 -106.59702778 842 832–837
169 2 350534106354703 10N.03E.14.324B Del Sol Divider 35.09302222 -106.59702778 425 315–415
170 1 351201106400501 11N.03E.07.141 Hunters Ridge Nest 1 35.20005278 -106.66900556 1,518 1,508–1,513
171 1 351201106400502 11N.03E.07.141A Hunters Ridge Nest 1 35.20005278 -106.66900556 855 845–850
172 1 351201106400503 11N.03E.07.141B Hunters Ridge Nest 1 35.20005278 -106.66900556 238 148–228
173 1 351201106400504 11N.03E.07.141C Hunters Ridge Nest 2 35.20005278 -106.66900556 359 349–354
174 1 351201106400505 11N.03E.07.141D Hunters Ridge Nest 2 35.20005278 -106.66900556 305 295–300
175 1 351201106400506 11N.03E.07.141E Hunters Ridge Nest 2 35.20005278 -106.66900556 263 238–258
176 2 350638106413701 10N.02E.11.244 West Bluff Nest 1 35.11000556 -106.69462222 1,095 1,085–1,090
177 2 350638106413702 10N.02E.11.244A West Bluff Nest 1 35.11000556 -106.69462222 689 679–684
178 2 350638106413703 10N.02E.11.244B West Bluff Nest 1 35.11000556 -106.69462222 433 422–427
179 2 350638106413704 10N.02E.11.244C West Bluff Nest 2 35.11000556 -106.69462222 328 318–323
180 2 350638106413705 10N.02E.11.244D West Bluff Nest 2 35.11000556 -106.69462222 254 244–249
181 2 350638106413706 10N.02E.11.244E West Bluff Nest 2 35.11000556 -106.69462222 173 143–163
182 2 350706106390301 10N.03E.05.341 Garfield Park 35.11798611 -106.65127222 1,020 995–1,010
183 2 350706106390302 10N.03E.05.341A Garfield Park 35.11798611 -106.65127222 582 552–572
184 2 350706106390303 10N.03E.05.341B Garfield Park 35.11798611 -106.65127222 93 43–83
189 2 351114106330601 11N.04E.18.222 Nor Este 35.18660833 -106.55321111 1,525 1,515–1,520
190 2 351114106330602 11N.04E.18.222A Nor Este 35.18660833 -106.55321111 1,193 1,183–1,188
191 2 351114106330603 11N.04E.18.222B Nor Este 35.18660833 -106.55321111 608 538–598
192 2 350910106414801 11N.03E.26.243 Sierra Vista 35.15273889 -106.69651944 1,644 1,634–1,639
193 2 350910106414802 11N.03E.26.243A Sierra Vista 35.15273889 -106.69651944 928 918–923
194 2 350910106414803 11N.03E.26.243B Sierra Vista 35.15273889 -106.69651944 210 140–200
196 2 350056106370102 09N.03E.10.334A Montessa Park 35.01586111 -106.61731667 708 698–703
197 2 350056106370103 09N.03E.10.334B Montessa Park 35.01586111 -106.61731667 330 260–320
198 1 345650106415901 08N.02E.02.413 Isleta 34.94729167 -106.69992778 1,340 1,330–1,335
199 1 345650106415902 08N.02E.02.413A Isleta 34.94729167 -106.69992778 815 805–810
200 1 345650106415903 08N.02E.02.413B Isleta 34.94729167 -106.69992778 185 175–180
201 1 345650106415904 08N.02E.02.413C Isleta 34.94729167 -106.69992778 50 10–40
202 1 351357106323001 12N.04E.29.433 Sandia Pueblo 35.23254235 -106.54224682 1,305 1,295–1,300
203 1 351357106323002 12N.04E.29.433A Sandia Pueblo 35.23254235 -106.54224682 1,025 1,015–1,020
205 1 344431106393401 06N.03E.18.442 Tomé 34.74185000 -106.66237778 1,200 1,185–1,195
206 1 344431106393402 06N.03E.18.442A Tomé 34.74185000 -106.66237778 710 695–705
207 1 344431106393403 06N.03E.18.442B Tomé 34.74185000 -106.66237778 275 225–265
208 1 343753106430601 05N.03E.28.411 Nancy Lopez 34.63138333 -106.71845556 1,186 1,166–1,176
209 1 343753106430602 05N.03E.28.411A Nancy Lopez 34.63138333 -106.71845556 695 675–685
210 1 354056106215801 17N.05E.24.344 Dome Road 35.68141751 -106.36669452 1,295 1,280–1,290
211 2 350100106405701 09N.02E.12.433 Rio Bravo Park 35.01659444 -106.68274722 595 585–590
212 2 350100106405702 09N.02E.12.433A Rio Bravo Park 35.01659444 -106.68274722 210 200–205
213 2 345758106364001 09N.03E.34.231 Mesa del Sol 34.96625833 -106.61168611 1,630 1,580–1,620
214 2 345758106364002 09N.03E.34.231A Mesa del Sol 34.96625833 -106.61168611 1,015 990–1,010
215 2 345758106364003 09N.03E.34.231B Mesa del Sol 34.96625833 -106.61168611 525 420–520
216 2 350653106311601 10N.04E.09.214 Matheson Park 35.11477500 -106.52182222 1,520 1,460–1,500
217 2 350653106311602 10N.04E.09.214A Matheson Park 35.11477500 -106.52182222 1,045 1,020–1,040
219 1 351515106410401 12N.02E.24.144 Lincoln Middle School 35.25423056 -106.68513889 1,260 1,200–1,240
220 1 351515106410402 12N.02E.24.144A Lincoln Middle School 35.25423056 -106.68513889 835 810–830
221 1 351515106410403 12N.02E.24.144B Lincoln Middle School 35.25423056 -106.68513889 595 490–590
225 1 350244106450201 10N.02E.32.433 Westgate Heights Park 35.04563611 -106.75075278 1,290 1,280–1,285
226 1 350244106450202 10N.02E.32.433A Westgate Heights Park 35.04563611 -106.75075278 868 858–863
227 1 350244106450203 10N.02E.32.433B Westgate Heights Park 35.04563611 -106.75075278 370 320–360
228 1 351821106333901 13N.04E.31.343 Bernalillo 35.30549722 -106.55992500 1,190 1,175–1,185
232 2 350545106335901 10N.04E.18.133A Jerry Cline Park 35.09531389 -106.56608056 1,455 1,435–1,445
233 2 350545106335902 10N.04E.18.133B Jerry Cline Park 35.09531389 -106.56608056 1,050 1,030–1,040
234 2 350545106335903 10N.04E.18.133C Jerry Cline Park 35.09531389 -106.56608056 510 400–500
235 2 350307106410601 10N.02E.36.321A Armijo 35.05063333 -106.68394722 1,623 1,593–1,613
236 2 350307106410602 10N.02E.36.321B Armijo 35.05063333 -106.68394722 1,025 995–1,015

Table 3.    

Data for wells and piezometers active in water year 2021 in and adjacent to the Albuquerque Basin, central New Mexico, at which continuous (hourly) water-level data were collected with continuously recording data loggers and at which discrete water levels were measured with steel or electric tapes.

[USGS, U.S. Geological Survey; --, no data or not applicable. Well data from USGS (2022). Latitude and longitude are in decimal degrees and in conformance with the North American Datum of 1983. Discontinuity in numbering sequence is due to wells omitted from this report because of lack of recent data collection. Data from discontinued wells can be seen in previous USGS Open-File Reports and Data Series (Kues, 1987; Rankin, 1994, 1996, 1998, 1999, 2000; DeWees, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2006; Beman, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2020; Beman and Torres, 2010; Beman and Bryant, 2016; Beman and others, 2019; Ritchie and Galanter, 2019; Jurney and Bell, 2021)]

Site
number
Figure
number
USGS
site number
Local
identifier
Other
identifier
Latitude Longitude Well depth
(feet below
land surface)
Screened interval
(feet below
land surface)
42 2 350836106395401 11N.03E.31.21311A Montaño Nest 6 35.14298611 -106.66544444 983 972–978
43 2 350836106395402 11N.03E.31.21311B Montaño Nest 6 35.14298611 -106.66544444 836 826–831
44 2 350836106395403 11N.03E.31.21311C Montaño Nest 6 35.14298611 -106.66544444 568 558–563
45 2 350836106395404 11N.03E.31.21311D Montaño Nest 6 35.14298611 -106.66544444 182 172–177
229 1 351821106333902 13N.04E.31.343A Bernalillo 35.30549722 -106.55992500 320 300–310

The USGS, in cooperation with the ABCWUA, the New Mexico Office of the State Engineer (NMOSE), and Bernalillo County, measures water levels in the wells and piezometers in the groundwater monitoring network (tables 1, 2, and 3); this report, prepared in cooperation with the ABCWUA, presents water-level data collected by USGS personnel at the sites through water year 2021 (October 1, 2020, through September 30, 2021). The locations of the active monitoring wells in the Albuquerque Basin and adjacent areas are shown in figure 1, and the locations of those within the Albuquerque metropolitan area are shown in figure 2. The data presented in this report are available in the USGS National Water Information System (USGS, 2022).

Figure 2. Map of active monitoring wells and piezometers within Albuquerque, New Mexico,
                     metropolitan area.
Figure 2.

Location of active monitoring wells and piezometers within the Albuquerque, New Mexico, metropolitan area.

Purpose and Scope

The purpose of this report is to present water-level data collected from the groundwater monitoring network in the Albuquerque Basin and adjacent areas during the 2021 water year (October 1, 2020, through September 30, 2021). Measurements at certain wells have been discontinued for various reasons; water-level data that were collected from those wells in previous water years can be found in previous USGS reports (Kues, 1987; Rankin, 1994, 1996, 1998, 1999, 2000; DeWees, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2006; Beman, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2020; Beman and Torres, 2010; Beman and Bryant, 2016; Beman and others, 2019; Ritchie and Galanter, 2019; Jurney and Bell, 2021).

Well-Numbering System

The system of numbering wells and piezometers in New Mexico is based on the common subdivision of public lands into sections (fig. 3). Each well number, in addition to designating the well, locates the position to the nearest 10-acre tract in the Public Land Survey System. This number (referred to as “local identifier” in tables 1, 2, and 3) is divided into four segments. The first segment denotes the township (“T.”) north or south of the New Mexico base line, the second denotes the range (“R.”) east or west of the New Mexico principal meridian, and the third denotes the section. The fourth segment of the well number, which consists of three digits, denotes the 160-, 40-, and 10-acre tracts in which the well is located. Each section is divided into quarters, which are numbered 1, 2, 3, and 4 for the northwest, northeast, southwest, and southeast quarters, respectively. The first digit of the fourth segment gives the quarter section, which is a tract of 160 acres. Each quarter section is then subdivided into four 40-acre tracts numbered in the same manner, and the second digit denotes the 40-acre tract. Finally, each 40-acre tract is further subdivided into four 10-acre tracts, and the third digit denotes the 10-acre tract. The fourth segment of the well number can further denote subdivisions of the 10-acre tract by including more than three digits; each additional digit further subdivides the tract by quarters in the same manner as shown in figure 3. Letters A, B, C, and so on are added to the end of the last segment of the well number to designate the second, third, fourth, and succeeding wells in the same tract. For example, well 09N.03E.07.131A is the first subsequent well in the northwest quarter (NW 1/4) of the southwest quarter (SW 1/4) of the northwest quarter (NW 1/4) of section 7, T. 09 N., R. 03 E. (Bureau of Land Management, 2009).

Figure 3. System for numbering wells and piezometers in New Mexico.
Figure 3.

System for numbering wells and piezometers in New Mexico.

Methods

Water-level measurements were collected from the groundwater monitoring network during the 2021 water year by following standard USGS protocols for discrete and continuous water-level measurements using steel or electric tapes and continuously recording data loggers (Cunningham and Schalk, 2011). Discrete measurements are collected at 55 of the sites (table 1); of these, 49 sites (2, 4, 9, 10, 12–20, 24–30, 32–41, 46–51, 53–55, 68, 70–73, 76, 81, 83, 87, and 237) are monitored semiannually, 2 sites (230 and 231) are monitored quarterly, and 4 sites (218 and 222–224) are monitored every 2–3 months. At 60 of the sites (64, 165–184, 189–194, 196–203, 205–217, 219–221, 225–228, and 232–236; table 2), pressure transducers and data loggers are used to collect continuous (hourly) water-level data. At 5 of the sites, (42–45 and 229; table 3), discrete and continuous data are both collected, with discrete data being collected at a frequency of every 2–3 months.

Water-Level Data

The continuous and discrete water-level data collected from the groundwater monitoring network in the Albuquerque Basin and adjacent areas during the 2021 water year are published online through the National Water Information System (USGS, 2022). Descriptive data for the groundwater monitoring network are listed in tables 1, 2, and 3 and include site number, number of the figure on which the well location is shown, USGS site number, local identifier, other identifier (if applicable), latitude and longitude, well depth, and screened interval. In figure 4, hydrographs presenting discrete and (or) continuous water-level data collected by the USGS at these sites include water level in feet below land surface and water level in feet above the North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD 88). Data in hydrographs from wells that have continuous (hourly) recorders are shown by solid lines that represent daily mean water levels. Data gaps that are evident in some of the continuous hydrographs may be caused by equipment malfunction or removal of spurious data during the review and approval process. In hydrographs that present data from discretely measured wells, dashed lines connect symbols (“+”) that represent the discrete measurements. In hydrographs showing discretely measured piezometers that are nested (more than one trace per graph), the symbols were removed to make the hydrographs easier to read.

There are two hydrographs presenting data for sites 42–45 and for site 229 (table 3), one showing continuous water-level data and one showing discrete water-level measurements (fig. 4). The period of record for discrete measurements is much longer than that of continuous data in some locations, such as sites 42–45, which have more than 10 years of discrete measurements prior to the installation of continuously recording data loggers. For those wells, both hydrographs have been included to ensure that all data are presented. Continuous data were collected for part of the 2021 water year at site 229 before the transducer was removed on February 11, 2021, after which continuous data collection was halted and discrete data collection continued.

Continuous data were collected for part of the 2019 water year at site 218 before the transducer was removed on July 16, 2019, after which continuous data collection was halted and discrete data collection continued at a frequency of every 2–3 months.

The transducers and data loggers were removed from sites 222–224 in 2014, but discrete measurements continue to be collected at those sites since that time.

Figure 4. Water-level data for wells, piezometers, Albuquerque Basin area, central
                     New Mexico, through September 30, 2021.
Figure 4.

Water-level data for wells and piezometers in and adjacent to the Albuquerque Basin, central New Mexico, period of record through September 30, 2021 (U.S. Geological Survey, 2022). Site numbers and well depths correspond to those in tables 1, 2, and 3; NAVD 1988, North American Vertical Datum of 1988.

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References Cited

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Beman, J.E., 2008, Water-level data for the Albuquerque Basin and adjacent areas, central New Mexico, period of record through September 30, 2007: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008–1255, 32 p. [Also available at https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20081255.]

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Conversion Factors

U.S. customary units to International System of Units

Multiply By To obtain
Length
foot (ft) 0.3048 meter (m)
mile (mi) 1.609 kilometer (km)
Area
acre 4,047 square meter (m2)

Datum

Vertical coordinate information is referenced to the North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD 88).

Latitude and longitude are in decimal degrees and in conformance with the North American Datum of 1983 (NAD 83).

Supplemental Information

Water year is defined as beginning on October 1 and continuing through September 30 of the following year and designated by the calendar year in which it ends.

For more information about this publication, contact

Director, New Mexico Water Science Center

U.S. Geological Survey 

6700 Edith Blvd. NE 

Albuquerque, NM 87113

For additional information, visit

https://www.usgs.gov/centers/nm-water

Publishing support provided by

Lafayette Publishing Service Center

Suggested Citation

Bell, M.T., and Montero, N.Y., 2022, Water-level data for the Albuquerque Basin and adjacent areas, central New Mexico, period of record through September 30, 2021: U.S. Geological Survey Data Report 1162, 43 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/dr1162.

ISSN: 2771-9448 (online)

Study Area

Publication type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Title Water-level data for the Albuquerque Basin and adjacent areas, central New Mexico, period of record through September 30, 2021
Series title Data Report
Series number 1162
DOI 10.3133/dr1162
Year Published 2022
Language English
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location Reston, VA
Contributing office(s) New Mexico Water Science Center
Description Report: iv, 43 p.; Dataset
Country United States
State New Mexico
Other Geospatial Albuquerque Basin and adjacent areas
Online Only (Y/N) Y
Google Analytic Metrics Metrics page
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