thumbnail

Characterization of fractures and flow zones in a contaminated crystalline-rock aquifer in the Tylerville section of Haddam, Connecticut

Data Series 1020

Prepared in cooperation with the Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection
By:
, , , and
https://doi.org/10.3133/ds1020

Links

Abstract

The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection, investigated the characteristics of the bedrock aquifer in the Tylerville section of Haddam, Connecticut, from June to August 2014. As part of this investigation, geophysical logs were collected from six water-supply wells and were analyzed to (1) identify well construction, (2) determine the rock type and orientation of the foliation and layering of the rock, (3) characterize the depth and orientation of fractures, (4) evaluate fluid properties of the water in the well, and (5) determine the relative transmissivity and head of discrete fractures or fracture zones. The logs included the following: caliper, electromagnetic induction, gamma, acoustic and (or) optical televiewer, heat-pulse flowmeter under ambient and pumped conditions, hydraulic head data, fluid electrical conductivity and temperature under postpumping conditions, and borehole-radar reflection collected in single-hole mode. In a seventh borehole, a former water-supply well, only caliper, fluid electrical conductivty, and temperature logs were collected, because of a constriction in the borehole.

This report includes a description of the methods used to collect and process the borehole geophysical data, the description of the data collected in each of the wells, and a comparison of the results collected in all of the wells. The data are presented in plots of the borehole geophysical logs, tables, and figures. Collectively these data provide valuable characterizations that can be used to improve or inform site conceptual models of groundwater flow in the study area.

Suggested Citation

Johnson, C.D., Kiel, K.F., Joesten, P.K., and Pappas, K.L., 2016, Characterization of fractures and flow zones in a contaminated crystalline-rock aquifer in the Tylerville section of Haddam, Connecticut: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1020, 40 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ds1020.

ISSN: 2327-638X (online)

Study Area

Table of Contents

  • Acknowledgments
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Methods of Investigation
  • Data and Results by Well 
  • Combined Results From All Wells
  • Summary and Conclusions
  • References Cited
  • Appendixes 1–7. Borehole-Geophysical Logs From Boreholes in the Tylerville Study Area, Haddam, Connecticut, 2014

Additional publication details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Title:
Characterization of fractures and flow zones in a contaminated crystalline-rock aquifer in the Tylerville section of Haddam, Connecticut
Series title:
Data Series
Series number:
1020
DOI:
10.3133/ds1020
Year Published:
2016
Language:
English
Publisher:
U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location:
Reston, VA
Contributing office(s):
OGW Branch of Geophysics
Description:
Report: viii, 40 p.; Appendixes: 1-7
Country:
United States
State:
Connecticut
County:
Middlesex County
Online Only (Y/N):
Y
Additional Online Files (Y/N):
Y