This report presents the results of the 2006 International Census of Piping Plovers (Charadrius melodus). Two sets of tabular data are reported: one for distribution and abundance of wintering Piping Plovers, the other for distribution and abundance of breeding Piping Plovers. The winter census resulted in the observation of 3,884 Piping Plovers at 546 sites. The breeding census resulted in the observation of 8,092 adult piping plovers at 1,925 sites. An appendix provides census reports for each location surveyed. This report was prepared to meet an immediate need of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service for census data for Piping Plovers.