Onshore industrial wind turbine locations for the United States

Data Series 817

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This dataset provides industrial-scale onshore wind turbine locations in the United States, corresponding facility information, and turbine technical specifications. The database has wind turbine records that have been collected, digitized, locationally verified, and internally quality controlled. Turbines from the Federal Aviation Administration Digital Obstacles File, through product release date July 22, 2013, were used as the primary source of turbine data points. The dataset was subsequently revised and reposted as described in the revision histories for the report. Verification of the turbine positions was done by visual interpretation using high-resolution aerial imagery in Environmental Systems Research Institute (Esri) ArcGIS Desktop. Turbines without Federal Aviation Administration Obstacles Repository System numbers were visually identified and point locations were added to the collection. We estimated a locational error of plus or minus 10 meters for turbine locations. Wind farm facility names were identified from publicly available facility datasets. Facility names were then used in a Web search of additional industry publications and press releases to attribute additional turbine information (such as manufacturer, model, and technical specifications of wind turbines). Wind farm facility location data from various wind and energy industry sources were used to search for and digitize turbines not in existing databases. Technical specifications for turbines were assigned based on the wind turbine make and model as described in literature, specifications listed in the Federal Aviation Administration Digital Obstacles File, and information on the turbine manufacturer’s Web site. Some facility and turbine information on make and model did not exist or was difficult to obtain. Thus, uncertainty may exist for certain turbine specifications. That uncertainty was rated and a confidence was recorded for both location and attribution data quality.

Study Area

Additional publication details

Publication type:
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Onshore industrial wind turbine locations for the United States
Series title:
Data Series
Series number:
Version 1.0: Originally posted February 11, 2014; Version 1.1: May 4, 2015; Version 1.2: January 19, 2017
Year Published:
U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location:
Reston, VA
Contributing office(s):
Geosciences and Environmental Change Science Center
Report: iii, 2 p.; Downloads Directory
Time Range End:
United States
Online Only (Y/N):
Additional Online Files (Y/N):