The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the Center for Applied Environmental Research at the University of Michigan-Flint (CAER) mapped distributions of arsenic, nitrate, and chloride in the groundwater of Oakland County. Emphasis was placed on sites that exceeded Maximum Contaminant Levels (MCL) and Secondary Maximum Contaminant Levels (SMCL) set by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. The maps were based on historical data from records compiled by the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (MDEQ). The USGS collected and analyzed samples to test the water quality in a number of these wells to confirm the overall validity of the historical records. The maps showed that each of the chemical constituents is widely distributed. High concentrations of arsenic are most common in the northern and northwestern parts of the county. Nitrate has been detected in groundwater in most townships but samples with concentrations above the MCL tend to cluster around high-density lakeshore communities. Chlorides are the most widely distributed and samples with concentrations above the SMCL also cluster in high-density lakeshore communities.
To provide homeowners with more detailed information on the distribution of these water-quality indicators, a series of township maps have been prepared. These maps highlight square-mile sections that contain, or are close to, wells in which concentrations of arsenic, nitrate, or chloride greater than the (S)MCL have been detected.
Additional publication details
|Publication Subtype||USGS Numbered Series|
|Title||Arsenic, nitrate, and chloride in groundwater, Groveland Township, Oakland County, Michigan|
|Series title||Fact Sheet|
|Publisher||U.S. Geological Survey|
|Online Only (Y/N)||N|
|Additional Online Files (Y/N)||N|