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Effects of ammonia on freshwater mussels in the St. Croix River

Fact Sheet 2004-3046

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Abstract

The St. Croix River contains a diverse and abundant group of freshwater mussels. The St. Croix is one of the few rivers in the Midwest not substantially affected by the invasion of the exotic zebra mussel, which encrusts and kills native freshwater mussels. Increased concentrations of ammonia in river sediments, however, poses a significant threat to mussels.

Study Area

Additional publication details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Title:
Effects of ammonia on freshwater mussels in the St. Croix River
Series title:
Fact Sheet
Series number:
2004-3046
Year Published:
2004
Language:
English
Publisher:
U.S. Geological Survey
Description:
2 p.
Country:
United States
State:
Minnesota, Wisconsin
Other Geospatial:
St. Croix River
Online Only (Y/N):
N
Additional Online Files (Y/N):
N