Chloride control and monitoring program in the Wichita River Basin, Texas, 1996–2009

Fact Sheet 2011-3018
By: , and 



Water resources of the Wichita River Basin in north-central Texas are vital to the water users in Wichita Falls, Tex., and surrounding areas. The Wichita River Basin includes three major forks of the Wichita River upstream from Lake Kemp, approximately 50 miles southwest of Wichita Falls, Tex. The main stem of the Wichita River is formed by the confluence of the North Wichita River and Middle Fork Wichita River upstream from Truscott Brine Lake. The confluence of the South Wichita River with the Wichita River is northwest of Seymour, Tex. (fig. 1). Waters from the Wichita River Basin, which is part of the Red River Basin, are characterized by high concentrations of chloride and other salinity-related constituents from salt springs and seeps (hereinafter salt springs) in the upper reaches of the basin. These salt springs have their origins in the Permian Period when the Texas Panhandle and western Oklahoma areas were covered by a broad shallow sea. Over geologic time, evaporation of the shallow seas resulted in the formation of salt deposits, which today are part of the geologic formations underlying the area. Groundwater in these formations is characterized by high chloride concentrations from these salt deposits, and some of this groundwater is discharged by the salt springs into the Wichita River.

Study Area

Publication type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Title Chloride control and monitoring program in the Wichita River Basin, Texas, 1996–2009
Series title Fact Sheet
Series number 2011-3018
DOI 10.3133/fs20113018
Year Published 2011
Language English
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location Reston, Virginia
Contributing office(s) Texas Water Science Center
Description 4 p.
Time Range Start 1996-01-01
Time Range End 2009-12-31
Country United States
State Texas
Other Geospatial Wichita River Basin
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N
Google Analytic Metrics Metrics page
Additional publication details