Evidence of multidecadal climate variability in the Gulf of Mexico

Fact Sheet 2011-3027
Northern Gulf of Mexico (NGOM) Ecosystem Change and Hazard Susceptibility Project
By:  and 



The northern Gulf of Mexico coastal region is vulnerable to a variety of natural hazards, many of which are linked to climate and climate variability. Hurricanes, which are one such climate-related hazard, are a major recurring problem, and the active hurricane seasons of 2004 and 2005 raised interest in better understanding the controls and risks of hurricanes. Examination of historical records reveals intervals of alternating low and high hurricane activity that appear to be related to changes in average sea-surface temperature in the North Atlantic Ocean. Analyses of instrumental temperature records from the North Atlantic show decadal-scale oscillations of slightly higher versus slightly lower average temperature extending back in time for over 100 years. This oscillation is known as the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO).
Publication type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Title Evidence of multidecadal climate variability in the Gulf of Mexico
Series title Fact Sheet
Series number 2011-3027
DOI 10.3133/fs20113027
Year Published 2011
Language English
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location Reston, VA
Contributing office(s) St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center
Description 2 p.
Country United States
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N
Google Analytic Metrics Metrics page
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