Lithium: for harnessing renewable energy

Fact Sheet 2014-3035
USGS Mineral Resources Program
By:  and 

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Abstract

Lithium, which has the chemical symbol Li and an atomic number of 3, is the first metal in the periodic table. Lithium has many uses, the most prominent being in batteries for cell phones, laptops, and electric and hybrid vehicles. Worldwide sources of lithium are broken down by ore-deposit type as follows: closed-basin brines, 58%; pegmatites and related granites, 26%; lithium-enriched clays, 7%; oilfield brines, 3%; geothermal brines, 3%; and lithium-enriched zeolites, 3% (2013 statistics). There are over 39 million tons of lithium resources worldwide. Of this resource, the USGS estimates there to be approximately 13 million tons of current economically recoverable lithium reserves. To help predict where future lithium supplies might be located, USGS scientists study how and where identified resources are concentrated in the Earth’s crust, and they use that knowledge to assess the likelihood that undiscovered resources also exist.

Additional publication details

Publication type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Title Lithium: for harnessing renewable energy
Series title Fact Sheet
Series number 2014-3035
DOI 10.3133/fs20143035
Year Published 2014
Language English
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location Reston, VA
Contributing office(s) Mineral Resources Program
Description 2 p.
Online Only (Y/N) Y
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N
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