By Land, Air, and Water—U.S. Geological Survey Science Supporting Fish and Wildlife Migrations Throughout North America

Fact Sheet 2022-3030
By: , and 



Countless species of animals—big game, birds, bats, insects, amphibians, reptiles, and fish—migrate to reach suitable habitats to feed, reproduce, and raise their young. Animal migrations developed over millennia commonly follow migration corridors—unique routes for each species—to move among seasonal habitats. Changes along those corridors, whether from human development (buildings, roads, dams) or from natural disturbances (for example, climate change, drought, fire, flooding, or invasive species), can make them harder to navigate. The U.S. Geological Survey’s Ecosystems Mission Area provides science that assists land managers in mapping, enhancing, protecting, and reconnecting migration corridors critical for diverse fish and wildlife populations that migrate, such as Odocoileus hemionus (mule deer) and Antilocapra americana (pronghorn), trout and salmon, salamanders, tortoises, bats, and Danaus plexippus (monarch butterflies).

Suggested Citation

Khalil, M., Wimer, M., Hu, D., Adams, M., Steinkamp, M., and Soileau, S.C., 2022, By land, air, and water—U.S. Geological Survey science supporting fish and wildlife migrations throughout North America: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2022–3030, 4 p.,

ISSN: 2327-6932 (online)

ISSN: 2327-6916 (print)

Study Area

Table of Contents

  • Over Land
  • In the Air
  • Through the Water
  • References Cited
Publication type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Title By land, air, and water — U.S. Geological Survey science supporting fish and wildlife migrations throughout North America
Series title Fact Sheet
Series number 2022-3030
DOI 10.3133/fs20223030
Year Published 2022
Language English
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location Reston, VA
Contributing office(s) Office of the AD Ecosystems
Description 4 p.
Country Canada, Mexico, United States
Other Geospatial North America
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N
Google Analytic Metrics Metrics page
Additional publication details