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Preliminary map of the conterminous United States showing depth to and quality of shallowest ground water containing more than 1,000 parts per million dissolved solids

Hydrologic Atlas 199

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Abstract

In this atlas, mineralized ground water is viewed presently as a source of water in some areas, but in much of the country as a source for future development. Mineralized water underlies large areas of the country, and its importance will grow as present supplies of fresh water are appropriated and developed. The potential uses fall in two main categories: (1) direct use in industrial processes, such as cooling, or for irrigation, where a moderate mineral content may not be a disadvantage; and (2) use after demineralization or dilution to whatever degree may be required by the intended user. It is clearly more efficient to produce and process water of moderate mineralization at points of use, where available in adequate amounts, than it is to process ocean water and pump it many miles from the sea.

The Geological Survey, as a part of its responsibility to describe the water resources of the United States, has surveyed the known occurrences of mineralized ground water in the conterminous United States. The results are shown on the maps (sheets 1 and 2).

This atlas was prepared to meet needs for information on the distribution and availability of mineralized water as expressed by Government agencies, private industries, and consultants. The maps are one step in providing an inventory of mineralized water of the Nation and will serve as a planning guide for further investigations and for development. They are necessarily generalized in many places owing to the complexity of the occurrence of the mineralized water, lack of detailed information for parts of the nation, and the difficulties inherent in attempts to put three-dimensional information on maps.

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Additional publication details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Title:
Preliminary map of the conterminous United States showing depth to and quality of shallowest ground water containing more than 1,000 parts per million dissolved solids
Series title:
Hydrologic Atlas
Series number:
199
Year Published:
1965
Language:
English
Publisher:
U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location:
Washington, D.C.
Contributing office(s):
Wisconsin Water Science Center, Minnesota Water Science Center, Indiana Water Science Center
Description:
Document: 31 p.; 2 Plates: 63.17 x 40.84 inches and 63.06 x 40.83 inches
Country:
United States
Scale:
3000000
Online Only (Y/N):
N
Additional Online Files (Y/N):
N