The Holy Cross Wilderness (02–170), called simply "the wilderness area" in this report, lies in the northern Sawatch Range of Colorado. Regionally, the wilderness area lies on a strong gravity gradient that marks the northwest side of the deepest gravity low in the central United States (Behrendt and Bajwa, 1974). This low (fig. 1) reflects a series of Laramide and younger granitic intrusive bodies which are probably related genetically to the Colorado mineral belt (Tweto and Sims, 1963; Behrendt and others, 1968).
The wilderness area lies on a structural dome, on which Proterozoic basement rocks have been uplifted, exhumed, and sculpted by glacial and fluvial erosional processes into spectacular alpine ridges. Steep faults bound the western edge of the dome; west of these domal border faults lies a sequence of Paleozoic sedimentary strata, which dip gently and thicken to the west. The dome is marked by an oval regional gravity high (Webring, written commun., 1985) whose shape suggests that maximum domal uplift may have occurred along or just to the east of the domal border fault complex. For more extensive descriptions of the regional geologic setting and mineral deposits of central Colorado, see Tweto (1968).
Map B is a generalized bedrock geologic map of the wilderness area, showing locations of faults, shear zones, and geologic units referred to in this report. Many smaller outcrops are not shown on Map B, however. For precise locations, descriptions of geologic units, and a more complete discussion of the geology of the wilderness area, see the companion map by Wallace and others (1986).
Additional publication details
|Publication Subtype||USGS Numbered Series|
|Title||Aeromagnetic map of the Holy Cross Wilderness Area, Eagle, Lake, and Pitkin counties, Colorado|
|Series title||Miscellaneous Field Studies Map|
|Publisher||U.S. Geological Survey|
|Publisher location||Reston, VA|
|Description||Plate: 37.76 x 31.24 inches|
|County||Eagle County, Lake County, Pitkin County|
|Other Geospatial||Holy Cross Wilderness Area|
|Online Only (Y/N)||N|
|Additional Online Files (Y/N)||N|