Regional geochemical maps of the Tonopah 1 degree by 2 degrees Quadrangle, Nevada, based on samples of stream sediment and nonmagnetic heavy-mineral concentrate
Miscellaneous Field Studies Map 1877-B
- J.T. Nash and D.F. Siems
This report is part of a series of geologic, geochemical, and geophysical maps of the Tonopah 1° x 2° quadrangle, Nevada, prepared during studies of the area for the Conterminous United States Mineral Assessment Program (CUSMAP). Included here are 21 maps showing the distributions of selected elements or combinations of elements. These regional geochemical maps are based on chemical analyses of the minus-60 mesh (0.25 mm) fraction of stream-sediment samples and the nonmagnetic heavy-mineral concentrate derived from stream sediment. Stream sediments were collected at 1,217 sites. Our geochemical studies of mineralized rock samples provide a framework for evaluating the results from stream sediments.
The Tonopah 1° x 2° quadrangle comprises about 19,100 km2 (7,450 mi2) in west-central Nevada (fig. 1). Topography is typical of the Basin and Range province, consisting of angular mountain ranges separated by broad valleys that comprise about half the area. Topographic relief is generally about 1,000 m but in some places is more than 1,500 m. Most of the ranges have well-developed drainages in steep-walled canyons occupied by intermittent streams. The climate is semi-arid to arid. Pinon pine and juniper grow in most places at elevations above 2,100 m, and sagebrush is abundant at lower elevations. Major access is provided by U.S. Routes 6 and 95, and there are numerous county maintained gravel roads and unmaintained jeep trails.
Bedrock geology of the Tonopah quadrangle is a complex mosaic of late Precambrian to Tertiary rocks juxtaposed by numerous thrust and high-angle faults. Useful geologic summaries can be found in reports by Ross (1961), Albers and Stewart (1972), Stewart and Carlson (1978), and Kleinhampl and Ziony (1985). Mineral prospects and mines occur in igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary rocks of all ages, and mines are particularly abundant in the central and western parts of the quadrangle. The complex geology produces clasts of mixed lithology in alluvium in all drainage basins sampled in this study, and the numerous mines and prospects probably contaminate many drainages.
The geochemical maps in this report are based on analytical results reported by Fairfield and others (1985), Hill and others (1986), and Siems and others (1986). These reports also describe the sample preparation and analytical methods and provide information on the location of the sample sites.
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- USGS Numbered Series
- Regional geochemical maps of the Tonopah 1 degree by 2 degrees Quadrangle, Nevada, based on samples of stream sediment and nonmagnetic heavy-mineral concentrate
- Series title:
- Miscellaneous Field Studies Map
- Series number:
- Year Published:
- U.S. Geological Survey
- Publisher location:
- Reston, VA
- 2 Plates: 45.77 x 40.98 inches and 44.62 x 41.77 inches
- United States
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