Volcano hazards at Fuego and Acatenango, Guatemala

Open-File Report 2001-431
By: , and 



The Fuego-Acatenango massif comprises a string of five or more volcanic vents along a north-south trend that is perpendicular to that of the Central American arc in Guatemala. From north to south known centers of volcanism are Ancient Acatenango, Yepocapa, Pico Mayor de Acatenango, Meseta, and Fuego. Volcanism along the trend stretches back more than 200,000 years. Although many of the centers have been active contemporaneously, there is a general sequence of younger volcanism, from north to south along the trend. This massive volcano complex towers more than 3500 meters (m) above the Pacific coastal plain to the south and 2000 m above the Guatemalan Highlands to the north. The volcano complex comprises remnants of multiple eruptive centers, which periodically have collapsed to form huge debris avalanches. The largest of these avalanches extended more than 50 kilometers (km) from its source and covered more than 300 square km. The volcano has potential to produce huge debris avalanches that could inundate large areas of the Pacific coastal plain. In areas around the volcanoes and downslope toward the coastal plain, more than 100,000 people are potentially at risk from these and other flowage phenomena.

Study Area

Additional publication details

Publication type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Title Volcano hazards at Fuego and Acatenango, Guatemala
Series title Open-File Report
Series number 2001-431
DOI 10.3133/ofr01431
Year Published 2001
Language English
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location Vancouver, WA
Contributing office(s) Cascades Volcano Observatory, Volcano Science Center
Description Report: 23 p.; 4 Plates: 40.01 x 40.63 inches or smaller
Country Guatemala
Other Geospatial Acatenango;Fuego
Datum North American 1927
Projection Universal Transverse Mercator projection
Scale 50000
Additional Online Files (Y/N) Y
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