Initial sediment transport model of the mining-affected Aries River Basin, Romania

Open-File Report 2008-1171
Prepared in cooperation with the World Bank, the Romanian National Agency for Mineral Resources, and Futures Group
By:  and 



The Romanian government is interested in understanding the effects of existing and future mining activities on long-term dispersal, storage, and remobilization of sediment-associated metals. An initial Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) model was prepared using available data to evaluate hypothetical failure of the Valea Sesei tailings dam at the Rosia Poieni mine in the Aries River basin. Using the available data, the initial Aries River Basin SWAT model could not be manually calibrated to accurately reproduce monthly streamflow values observed at the Turda gage station. The poor simulation of the monthly streamflow is attributed to spatially limited soil and precipitation data, limited constraint information due to spatially and temporally limited streamflow measurements, and in ability to obtain optimal parameter values when using a manual calibration process. Suggestions to improve the Aries River basin sediment transport model include accounting for heterogeneity in model input, a two-tier nonlinear calibration strategy, and analysis of uncertainty in predictions.

Study Area

Publication type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Title Initial sediment transport model of the mining-affected Aries River Basin, Romania
Series title Open-File Report
Series number 2008-1171
DOI 10.3133/ofr20081171
Edition Version 1.0
Year Published 2008
Language English
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Contributing office(s) U.S. Geological Survey
Description vi, 23 p.
Country Romania
Other Geospatial Aries River Basin
Online Only (Y/N) Y
Google Analytic Metrics Metrics page
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