Hydrodynamic assessment data associated with the July 2010 line 6B spill into the Kalamazoo River, Michigan, 2012–14

Open-File Report 2015-1205
Prepared in cooperation with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
By: , and 



Hydrodynamic-assessment data for the Kalamazoo River were collected by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) during 2012–14 to augment other hydrodynamic data-collection efforts by Enbridge Energy L.P. and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency associated with the 2010 Enbridge Line 6B oil spill. Specifically, the USGS data-collection efforts were focused on additional background data needed for 2013–14 updates to Enbridge’s 2012 hydrodynamic and sediment-transport models for simulating resuspension and deposition of submerged oil. The main data-collection activities consisted of the following along the Kalamazoo River: (1) a survey done by use of a Real-Time Network Global Navigation Satellite System, (2) water-level measurements in impounded sections, (3) velocity, discharge, and bathymetry measurements at transects and stationary points along the oil-affected reach of the river and in Morrow Delta and Lake, (4) estimates of tributary inflows, and (5) suspended-sediment concentrations and particle-size data at USGS streamgages along the Kalamazoo River. The method used to estimate bed shear stress from stationary velocity data is described. Averaged transect-based velocity data that were processed to match model grids also are included. In addition to model inputs and checks, these hydrodynamic-related data were used in submerged oil containment and recovery operations focused in impoundments and designated sediment traps. This report contains a description of the scope and methods associated with the hydrodynamic data collection and supplementary files of the USGS data that were used in modeling activities.

Suggested Citation

Reneau, P.C., Soong, D.T., Hoard, C.J., and Fitzpatrick, F.A., 2015, Hydrodynamic-assessment data associated with the July 2010 Line 6B spill into the Kalamazoo River, Michigan, 2012–14: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2015–1205, 26 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ofr20151205.

ISSN: 2331-1258 (online)

Study Area

Table of Contents

  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Reference Points and Vertical Datums
  • Water Levels
  • Velocity, Discharge, and Bathymetry
  • Estimates of Tributary Inflows
  • Suspended Sediment
  • Summary
  • Acknowledgments
  • References Cited
  • Appendixes

Additional publication details

Publication type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Title Hydrodynamic assessment data associated with the July 2010 line 6B spill into the Kalamazoo River, Michigan, 2012–14
Series title Open-File Report
Series number 2015-1205
DOI 10.3133/ofr20151205
Year Published 2015
Language English
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location Reston, VA
Contributing office(s) Wisconsin Water Science Center
Description Report: v, 26 p.; 4 Appendixes
Country United States
State Michigan
Other Geospatial Kalamazoo River
Online Only (Y/N) Y
Additional Online Files (Y/N) Y
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