The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with local and other agencies, collects data at selected lakes throughout Wisconsin. These data, accumulated over many years, provide a data base for developing an improved understanding of the water quality of lakes. To make these data available to interested parties outside the USGS, the data are published annually in this report series. The locations of water-quality and lake-stage stations in Wisconsin for water year 2012 are shown in figure 1. A water year is the 12-month period from October 1 through September 30. It is designated by the calendar year in which it ends. Thus, the period October 1, 2011 through September 30, 2012, is called “water year 2012.”
The purpose of this report is to provide information about the chemical and physical characteristics of Wisconsin lakes. Data that have been collected at specific lakes, and information to aid in the interpretation of those data, are included in this report. Data collected include measurements of in-lake water quality and lake stage. Time series of Secchi depths, surface total phosphorus and chlorophyll a concentrations collected during non-frozen periods are included for all lakes. Graphs of vertical profiles of temperature, dissolved oxygen, pH, and specific conductance are included for sites where these parameters were measured. Descriptive information for each lake includes: location of the lake, area of the lake’s watershed, period for which data are available, revisions to previously published records, and pertinent remarks. Additional data, such as streamflow and water quality in tributary and outlet streams of some of the lakes, are published online at http://nwis.waterdata.usgs.gov/wi/nwis.
Water-resources data, including stage and discharge data at most streamflow-gaging stations, are available online. The Wisconsin Water Science Center’s home page is at https://www.usgs.gov/centers/wisconsin-water-science-center. Information on the Wisconsin Water Science Center’s Lakes Program is found at http://wi.water.usgs.gov/lakes/index.html and http://wi.water.usgs.gov/projects/index.html.
Manteufel, S.B., and Robertson, D.M., 2017, Water-quality and lake-stage data for Wisconsin lakes, water years 2012–2013: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2016–1050, 320 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20161050.
ISSN: 2331-1258 (online)
Table of Contents
- Methods of data collection
- Explanation of physical and chemical characteristics of lakes
- Classification of lakes
- References Cited
- Lake data
- Wisconsin Water Science Center publications pertaining to lakes
- Appendix – Quality-Assurance/Quality-Control Plan
Additional publication details
|Publication Subtype||USGS Numbered Series|
|Title||Water-quality and lake-stage data for Wisconsin lakes, water years 2012–2013|
|Series title||Open-File Report|
|Publisher||U.S. Geological Survey|
|Publisher location||Reston, VA|
|Contributing office(s)||Wisconsin Water Science Center|
|Description||vi, 153 p.|
|Online Only (Y/N)||Y|
|Additional Online Files (Y/N)||N|