Abstract volume for the 2016 biennial meeting of the Yellowstone Volcano Observatory

Open-File Report 2016-1104
Edited by: Jacob B. Lowenstern

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Introduction

Every two years, scientists, natural resource managers, outreach specialists, and a variety of other interested parties get together for the biennial meeting of the Yellowstone Volcano Observatory (YVO). Each time, the theme varies. In past years, we have focused the meeting around topics including monitoring plans, emergency response, geodesy, and outreach. This year, we spent the first half-day devoted to recent research results, plans for upcoming studies, and geothermal monitoring. On the second day, our focus switched to eruption precursors, particularly as they apply to large caldera systems.

Very few large explosive eruptions from caldera systems have taken place in recorded history. Therefore, there are few empirical data with which to characterize the nature of volcanic unrest that might precede eruptions with volcano explosivity index (VEI) of six or greater. For this reason, we set up a series of talks that explore what we know and don’t know about large eruptions. We performed an informal expert elicitation (a frequently used method to characterize expert opinion) with a small number of our colleagues, which served as the basis for a productive discussion session.

This short volume of abstracts and extended abstracts provides a summary of the presentations made at the YVO meeting held in Mammoth Hot Springs, Wyoming, on May 10–11, 2016.

Suggested Citation

Lowenstern, J.B., ed., 2016, Abstract volume for the 2016 biennial meeting of the Yellowstone Volcano Observatory: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2016–1104, 46 p., http://www.dx.doi.org/10.3133/ofr20161104

ISSN: 2331-1258 (online)

Table of Contents

  • Biennial Meeting of the Yellowstone Volcano Observatory
  • The 2015 Upper Geyser Basin Seismic Imaging Experiment
  • Multiscale, Multi-property Geophysical Imaging of Hydrothermal Systems, Yellowstone National Park
  • The Hydrothermal Dynamics of Yellowstone Lake (HD-YLAKE) Project: Responses to Tectonic, Magmatic, and Climatic Forcing
  • What We’ve Learned From 12 Years of Sampling Gas and Water at Yellowstone
  • Status and Future Directions of the Chloride Flux Program
  • Continuous Monitoring of Hydrothermal CO2 and Heat Emissions Using the Eddy Covariance Method at Norris Geyser Basin, Yellowstone National Park
  • Satellite and Airborne Measurements of Thermal Emission at Yellowstone
  • Yellowstone Hydrothermal Systems: Public Safety, Science and Recommendation
  • What Do We Know About Earthquakes at Yellowstone: An Overview of Swarms, Magnitudes, Fault Interactions, Earthquake Families, and Why We Can’t Find Long-Period Events
  • Recent InSAR Studies at Yellowstone
  • Probabilistic Forecasting of Volcanic Eruptions Using Physics-based Models
  • What Do We Know About Eruption Precursors at Large Silicic Caldera Systems?
  • Tools for Decision Making in Eruption Forecasting
  • Using Global Data for Eruption Forecasting
  • An Exercise to Obtain Expert Views on Precursors to Volcanic Eruptions at Yellowstone

Additional publication details

Publication type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Title Abstract volume for the 2016 biennial meeting of the Yellowstone Volcano Observatory
Series title Open-File Report
Series number 2016-1104
DOI 10.3133/ofr20161104
Year Published 2016
Language English
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location Reston, VA
Contributing office(s) Volcano Science Center
Description iii, 46 p.
Online Only (Y/N) Y