Methods used for the collection and analysis of chemical and biological data for the Tapwater Exposure Study, United States, 2016–17

Open-File Report 2018-1098
Prepared in cooperation with the Colorado School of Mines, Center for Environmental Risk Assessment; National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIH/NIEHS), National Toxicology Program Laboratory; University of Illinois at Chicago, School of Public Health; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, National Exposure Research Laboratory; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, National Health and Environmental Effects Laboratory
By: , and 

Links

  • Document: Report (1.07 MB pdf)
  • Related Work: Open-File Report 2018-1071 - Concentrations of Lead and Other Inorganic Constituents in Samples of Raw Intake and Treated Drinking Water From the Municipal Water Filtration Plant and Residential Tapwater in Chicago, Illinois, and East Chicago, Indiana, July–December 2017
  • Data Releases:
    • USGS data release - Target-Chemical Concentrations, Exposure Activity Ratios, and Bioassay Results for Assessment of Mixed-Organic/Inorganic-Chemical Exposure in USA Tapwater, 2016
    • USGS data release - Occurrence and Concentrations of Trace Elements in Discrete Tapwater Samples Collected in Chicago, Illinois and East Chicago, Indiana, 2017
  • Download citation as: RIS | Dublin Core

Abstract

In 2016, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Environmental Health Mission Area, initiated the Tapwater Exposure Study as part of an infrastructure project to assess human exposure to potential threats from complex mixtures of contaminants. In the pilot phase (2016), samples were collected from 11 States throughout the United States, and in the second phase (2017), the study focused on the Greater Chicago area, including North and South Chicago, Illinois, and East Chicago, Indiana. Residential tapwater samples were collected at private residences during both phases, and during the first phase, samples were collected from Federal office buildings and from one office 19-liter water-bottle source. During the second phase, raw intake and treated (pre-distributional) water samples also were collected from four drinking-water treatment facilities in the Greater Chicago area. Samples were sent to laboratories at the USGS, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, and Colorado School of Mines Center for Environmental Risk Assessment, for potential drinking-water pathogens, chemical, and bioassay analyses. These analyses included more than 400 chemicals such as trace elements, steroid hormones, pharmaceuticals, volatile organic compounds, pesticides, per- and polyfluorinated alkyl substances, cyanotoxins, and other organic compounds. The in vitro bioassay analyses included estrogen, androgen, and glucocorticoid receptor activity.

Suggested Citation

Romanok, K.M., Kolpin, D.W., Meppelink, S.M., Argos, M., Brown, J.B., DeVito, M.J., Dietze, J.E., Givens, C.E., Gray, J.L., Higgins, C.P., Hladik, M.L., Iwanowicz, L.R., Loftin, K.A., McCleskey, R.B., McDonough, C.A., Meyer, M.T., Strynar, M.J., Weis, C.P., Wilson, V.S., and Bradley, P.M., 2018, Methods used for the collection and analysis of chemical and biological data for the Tapwater Exposure Study, United States, 2016–17: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2018–1098, 79 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20181098.

ISSN: 2331-1258 (online)

Table of Contents

  • Acknowledgments
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Methods
  • Results
  • References Cited
  • Appendix 1. Target analytes and internal standards used for quantitation of per- and polyfluorinated alkyl substances analyzed at the Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado
  • Appendix 2. Recoveries of target analytes in 7-milliliter in-vessel spike tests of per- a polyfluorinated alkyl substances analyzed at the Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado
  • Appendix 3. Calibration range, limit of quantitation, linear fit (r2), and weighting type of calibration curves for target analytes of per- and polyfluorinated alkyl substances analyzed at the Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado

Additional publication details

Publication type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Title Methods used for the collection and analysis of chemical and biological data for the Tapwater Exposure Study, United States, 2016–17
Series title Open-File Report
Series number 2018-1098
DOI 10.3133/ofr20181098
Year Published 2018
Language English
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location Reston, VA
Contributing office(s) South Atlantic Water Science Center
Description Report: ix, 79 p.; Data releases
Country United States
Online Only (Y/N) Y
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N