Major-Element Compositional Data and Thermal Data for Drill Core from Kīlauea Iki Lava Lake, Plus Analyses of Glasses from Scoria of the 1959 Summit Eruption of Kīlauea Volcano, Hawaii

Open-File Report 2020-1012
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Abstract

This report presents electron microprobe data on glasses and selected crystalline phases from Kīlauea Iki lava lake and glasses from the 1959 summit eruption of Kīlauea Volcano, Hawaii. Some of these data have been published previously, but the complete set has not been published before. In addition, this report includes electron microprobe data for phases in melting experiments reported earlier, which form the basis for using many of the glass compositions reported here to estimate quenching temperatures of the samples. Finally, because of the latter application, this report includes all useful field determinations of temperature taken in Kīlauea Iki boreholes from 1967 to 1988. These field measurements have been merged with geothermometry based on glass and Fe-Ti oxide compositions to produce a comprehensive review of all available thermal information for Kīlauea Iki. Making these datasets available completes documentation of field and chemical information on Kīlauea Iki lava lake, supplementing six previous U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Reports listed in the References Cited.

Suggested Citation

Helz, R.T., 2020, Major-element compositional data and thermal data for drill core from Kīlauea Iki lava lake, plus analyses of glasses from scoria of the 1959 summit eruption of Kīlauea Volcano, Hawaii: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2020–1012, 48 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20201012.

ISSN: 2331-1258 (online)

Study Area

Table of Contents

  • Introduction
  • Background and Previous Work
  • Electron Microprobe Analytical Techniques
  • Discussion of Glass Compositional Data
  • Discussion of Analyses of Crystalline Phases
  • Discussion of Analyses from Melting Experiments
  • Notes on the Analytical Tables (Appendix 1)
  • Thermal Data on Kīlauea Iki Lava Lake—Methods
  • Notes on the Thermal Data in Appendix 2 and in Figures 15–22
  • Comparative Geothermometry for Individual Cores from Kīlauea Iki Lava Lake
  • Acknowledgments
  • References Cited
  • Appendix 1
  • Appendix 2

Additional publication details

Publication type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Title Major-element compositional data and thermal data for drill core from Kīlauea Iki lava lake, plus analyses of glasses from scoria of the 1959 summit eruption of Kīlauea Volcano, Hawaii
Series title Open-File Report
Series number 2020-1012
DOI 10.3133/ofr20201012
Year Published 2020
Language English
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location Reston, VA
Contributing office(s) Florence Bascom Geoscience Center
Description Report: v, 48 p.; Appendix 1-2
Country United States
State Hawaii
Other Geospatial Kīlauea Volcano
Online Only (Y/N) Y
Additional Online Files (Y/N) Y
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