Mineral Resource Inventory of North Dakota

Open-File Report 2021-1057
Prepared in cooperation with Bureau of Land Management
By:  and 



Aside from construction aggregate materials, the value of nonfuel mineral commodities that have been produced in North Dakota is small, although there is potential for the existence of several mineral resource deposit types which are not economically viable at this time. In this report, we present a mineral resource inventory of the State of North Dakota, developed by the U.S. Geological Survey at the request the Bureau of Land Management. To set the stage for that inventory, we briefly outline the long and complex geologic history of North Dakota that extends back more than 3 billion years. Using several existing databases, we summarize the distribution of known mineral commodities and the results of commodity exploration over time. Using all available data, we discuss the potential for economic occurrences of 13 commodities in North Dakota, including some listed as Critical Minerals.

Suggested Citation

Box, S.E., and Cossette, P.M., 2021, Mineral resource inventory of North Dakota: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2021–1057, 42 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20211057.

ISSN: 2331-1258 (online)

Study Area

Table of Contents

  • Acknowledgments  
  • Abstract  
  • Introduction  
  • Geology of North Dakota  
  • Mineral Inventory of North Dakota  
  • Summary  
  • References Cited  
  • Appendix 1 
Publication type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Title Mineral resource inventory of North Dakota
Series title Open-File Report
Series number 2021-1057
DOI 10.3133/ofr20211057
Year Published 2021
Language English
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location Reston, VA
Contributing office(s) Geology, Minerals, Energy, and Geophysics Science Center
Description Report: vii, 42 p.; 4 Appendixes
Country United States
State North Dakota
Online Only (Y/N) Y
Google Analytic Metrics Metrics page
Additional publication details