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The Yellow Dog peridotite and a possible buried igneous complex of Lower Keweenawan Age in the northern peninsula of Michigan

Open-File Report 77-93

By:
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Abstract

Partly serpentinized peridotite of early Keweenawan age crops out in two places along a 20-km-long zone of positive aeromagnetic anomalies in northern Marquette County, Michigan. Most of the area is mantled by Pleistocene drift and the bedrock is not exposed.

Petrographic and electron microprobe studies show that the peridotite was originally a plagioclase lherzolite containing 40-50% olivine (Fo80) and approximately 10-15% each of enstatite (En78Wo04Fs18) and diopsidic augite (En47Wo42Fs11), with 5-10% calcic labradorite (~An70). Major oxide minerals (4-6%) are ilmenite and magnetite. Sulfides comprise 1 to 2 percent of the peridotite and are chiefly pyrrhotite, pentlandite, and chalcopyrite.

Ground magnetic, gravity, and very low frequency electro-magnetic surveys have refined the location and magnitude of anomalies previously known only from aeromagnetic studies. These surveys together with soil geochemical studies suggest that peridotite, and possibly other mafic rocks forming a differentiated igneous complex, may occur throughout a belt 20 km long (E-W) and 1-2 km wide (N-S).

Differentiated igneous complexes in many parts of the world are hosts for Cu, Ni, Cr, or precious metal deposits. The peridotite in the area of this study is anomalously rich in Cu and S compared to world-wide averages for peridotite. Positive electro-magnetic anomalies found near the peridotite outcrops may be caused by sulfide-rich zones in the igneous rocks and should be explored further for Cu-Ni mineralization.

Additional publication details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Title:
The Yellow Dog peridotite and a possible buried igneous complex of Lower Keweenawan Age in the northern peninsula of Michigan
Series title:
Open-File Report
Series number:
77-93
Year Published:
1977
Language:
English
Publisher:
U.S. Geological Survey
Description:
50 p.
Country:
United States
State:
Michigan