A computer model is presented for simulating the quality of surface runoff from urban watersheds. The model can simulate impervious area, pervious area, and precipitation contributions to runoff quality as well as the effects of street sweeping and (or) detention storage. Within-storm variations of runoff quality are simulated for user-specified storm-runoff periods. Between these storms, a daily accounting of the accumulation and washoff of water-quality constituents on effective impervious areas is maintained. The time step of the within-storm simulations can range from 1 to 60 minutes.
The model can be operated as a lumped-parameter model or as a distributed-parameter model. As a lumped-parameter model, no spatial variations in model parameters are accounted for, and input to the model requires flow hydrographs only at the outlet of the watershed. The outlet hydrographs can be either observed or simulated. As a distributed-parameter model, the model requires flow hydrographs at many points in the watershed, as defined by basin segmentation. These hydrographs will normally be simulated by the Distributed Routing Rainfall-Runoff Model.
This report includes a presentation of the theory and limitations of the model, as well as a program listing, instructions for running the program, and example simulations.