Level II scour analysis for Bridge 26 (BRIDTH00340026) on Town Highway 034, crossing Ottauquechee River, Bridgewater, Vermont

Open-File Report 96-157

Prepared in cooperation with Vermont Agency of Transportation and Federal Highway Administration



This report provides the results of a detailed Level II analysis of scour potential at structure BRIDTH00340026 on town highway 34 crossing the Ottauquechee River, Bridgewater, Vermont (figures 1–8). A Level II study is a basic engineering analysis of the site, including a quantitative analysis of stream stability and scour (U.S. Department of Transportation, 1993). A Level I study is included in Appendix E of this report. A Level I study provides a qualitative geomorphic characterization of the study site. Information on the bridge available from VTAOT files were compiled prior to conducting Level I and Level II analyses and can be found in Appendix D. The site is in the Green Mountain physiographic province of central Vermont in the town of Bridgewater. The 38.0-mi2 drainage area is in a predominantly rural and forested basin. In the vicinity of the study site, the banks have dense woody vegetation coverage except for the upstream right bank, which is grass covered. In the study area, the Ottauquechee River has an incised, sinuous channel with a slope of approximately 0.01 ft/ft, an average channel top width of 62.5 ft and an average channel depth of 4.5 ft. The predominant channel bed material is cobble (D50 is 97.3 mm or 0.319 ft). The geomorphic assessment at the time of the Level I and Level II site visit on November 8, 1994, indicated that the reach was stable. The town highway 34 crossing of the Ottauquechee Riveris a 69-ft-long, two-lane bridge consisting of one 63-foot clear-span steel-pony truss-type superstructure (Vermont Agency of Transportation, written commun., August 24, 1994). The bridge is supported by vertical, concrete abutments with wingwalls. The channel is skewed approximately 40 degrees to the opening while the opening-skew-to-roadway is 45 degrees. A scour hole 4.5 ft deeper than the mean thalweg depth was observed along the upstream left wingwall during the Level I assessment. The only scour protection measure at the site was type-1 stone fill (less than 12 inches diameter) at the upstream end of the upstream left wingwall. Additional details describing conditions at the site are included in the Level II Summary and Appendices D and E. Scour depths were computed using the general guidelines described in Hydraulic Engineering Circular 18 (Richardson and others, 1993). These guidelines provide scour equations, which assume an infinite depth of erosive material and a homogeneous particle-size distribution. The scour analysis results are presented in tables 1 and 2 and a graph of the scour depths is presented in figure 8.

Study Area

Additional publication details

Publication type:
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Level II scour analysis for Bridge 26 (BRIDTH00340026) on Town Highway 034, crossing Ottauquechee River, Bridgewater, Vermont
Series title:
Open-File Report
Series number:
Year Published:
U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location:
Pembroke, NH
iv, 31 p.
United States
Other Geospatial:
Ottauquechee River