The Osgood Mountains quadrangle is in north-central Nevada northeast of Winnemucca, the principal town in the region. The quadrangle includes two north-northeast-trending mountain ranges, the Osgood Mountains on the east and the Hot Springs Range on the west, which are separated by a narrow valley and
are bounded on the east and west by broad alluviated basins. Large deposits of tungsten and gold have been mined in the northeastern part of the Osgood Mountains; small deposits of quicksilver, lead, zinc, and gold are known in the Hot Springs Range, and some prospecting has been done on barite deposits
in the Osgood Mountains. Some quartzite beds are potential sources of silica.