Geologic and Topographic Maps of the Kabul North 30' x 60' Quadrangle, Afghanistan

Scientific Investigations Map 3120
Prepared in cooperation with the Afghanistan Geological Survey and the Afghan Geodesy and Cartography Head Office under the auspices of the U.S. Agency for International Development



This report consists of two map sheets, this pamphlet, and a collection of database files. Sheet 1 is the geologic map with two highly speculative cross sections, and sheet 2 is a topographic map that comprises all the support data for the geologic map. Both maps (sheets 1 and 2) are produced at 1:100,000-scale and are provided in GeoPDF format that preserves the georegistration and original layering. The database files include images of the topographic hillshade (shaded relief) and color-topography files used to create the topographic maps, a copy of the Landsat image, and a gray-scale basemap. Vector data from each of the layers that comprise both maps are provided in the form of Arc/INFO shapefiles. Most of the geologic interpretations and all of the topographic data were derived exclusively from images. A variety of image types were used, and each image type corresponds to a unique view of the geology. The geologic interpretations presented here are the result of comparing and contrasting between the various images and making the best uses of the strengths of each image type. A limited amount of fieldwork, in the spring of 2004 and the fall of 2006, was carried out within the quadrangle, but all the war-related dangers present in Afghanistan restricted its scope, duration, and utility. The maps that are included in this report represent works-in-progress in that they are simply intended to be the best possible product for the time available and conditions that exist during the early phases of reconstruction in Afghanistan. This report has been funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) as a part of several broader programs that USAID designed to stimulate growth in the energy and mineral sectors of the Afghan economy. The main objective is to provide maps that will be used by scientists of the Afghan Ministry of Mines, the Afghanistan Geological Survey, and the Afghan Geodesy and Cartography Head Office in their efforts to rebuild the energy and mineral sectors of their economy. The U.S. Geological Survey has also produced a variety of geological, topographic, Landsat natural-color, and Landsat false-color maps covering Afghanistan at the 1:250,000 scale. These maps may be used to compliment the information presented here. For more information about USGS activities in Afghanistan, visit the USGS Projects in Afghanistan Web site at For scientific questions or comments, please send inquiries to Robert G. Bohannon.

Study Area

Additional publication details

Publication type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Title Geologic and Topographic Maps of the Kabul North 30' x 60' Quadrangle, Afghanistan
Series title Scientific Investigations Map
Series number 3120
DOI 10.3133/sim3120
Edition -
Year Published 2010
Language ENGLISH
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Contributing office(s) Geology and Environmental Change Science Center
Description Pamphlet: vi, 34 p.; 2 Map Sheets - Sheet 1: 56 x 36 inches, Sheet 2: 45 x 28 inches; Sheet 1 Print; Sheet 1 Georeferenced; Sheet 2 Print; Sheet 2 Georeferenced; Downloads Directory; Available Related Maps
Projection Universal Transverse Mercator
Scale 1
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) Y