Streamflow distribution maps for the Cannon River drainage basin, southeast Minnesota, and the St. Louis River drainage basin, northeast Minnesota

Scientific Investigations Map 3390
Prepared in cooperation with the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources
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Abstract

Streamflow distribution maps for the Cannon River and St. Louis River drainage basins were developed by the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources, to illustrate relative and cumulative streamflow distributions. The Cannon River was selected to provide baseline data to assess the effects of potential surficial sand mining, and the St. Louis River was selected to determine the effects of ongoing Mesabi Iron Range mining. Each drainage basin (Cannon, St. Louis) was subdivided into nested drainage basins: the Cannon River was subdivided into 152 nested drainage basins, and the St. Louis River was subdivided into 353 nested drainage basins. For each smaller drainage basin, the estimated volumes of groundwater discharge (as base flow) and surface runoff flowing into all surface-water features were displayed under the following conditions: (1) extreme low-flow conditions, comparable to an exceedance-probability quantile of 0.95; (2) low-flow conditions, comparable to an exceedance-probability quantile of 0.90; (3) a median condition, comparable to an exceedance-probability quantile of 0.50; and (4) a high-flow condition, comparable to an exceedance-probability quantile of 0.02.

Streamflow distribution maps were developed using flow-duration curve exceedance-probability quantiles in conjunction with Soil-Water-Balance model outputs; both the flow-duration curve and Soil-Water-Balance models were built upon previously published U.S. Geological Survey reports. The selected streamflow distribution maps provide a proactive water management tool for State cooperators by illustrating flow rates during a range of hydraulic conditions. Furthermore, after the nested drainage basins are highlighted in terms of surface-water flows, the streamflows can be evaluated in the context of meeting specific ecological flows under different flow regimes and potentially assist with decisions regarding groundwater and surface-water appropriations. Presented streamflow distribution maps are foundational work intended to support the development of additional streamflow distribution maps that include statistical constraints on the selected flow conditions.

Suggested Citation

Smith, E.A., Sanocki, C.A., Lorenz, D.L., and Jacobsen, K.E., 2017, Streamflow distribution maps for the Cannon River drainage basin, southeast Minnesota, and the St. Louis River drainage basin, northeast Minnesota: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map 3390, pamphlet 16 p., 2 sheets, https://doi.org/10.3133/sim3390.

ISSN: 2329-132X (online)

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Table of Contents

  • Acknowledgments
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Streamflow Distribution Maps
  • Summary
  • References Cited


Additional publication details

Publication type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Title Streamflow distribution maps for the Cannon River drainage basin, southeast Minnesota, and the St. Louis River drainage basin, northeast Minnesota
Series title Scientific Investigations Map
Series number 3390
DOI 10.3133/sim3390
Year Published 2017
Language English
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location Reston, VA
Contributing office(s) Minnesota Water Science Center
Description Pamphlet: vii, 16 p.; 2 Sheets: 22.0 inches x 11.0 inches; Data Releases
Country United States
State Minnesota
Other Geospatial Cannon River Drainage Basin, St. Louis River Drainage Basin
Online Only (Y/N) Y
Additional Online Files (Y/N) Y