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Hydrogeology and simulation of groundwater flow in the Central Oklahoma (Garber-Wellington) Aquifer, Oklahoma, 1987 to 2009, and simulation of available water in storage, 2010–2059

Scientific Investigations Report 2013-5219

Prepared in cooperation with the Oklahoma Water Resources Board
By:
ORCID iD , ORCID iD , , ORCID iD , and
https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20135219

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Abstract

The Central Oklahoma (Garber-Wellington) aquifer underlies about 3,000 square miles of central Oklahoma. The study area for this investigation was the extent of the Central Oklahoma aquifer. Water from the Central Oklahoma aquifer is used for public, industrial, commercial, agricultural, and domestic supply. With the exception of Oklahoma City, all of the major communities in central Oklahoma rely either solely or partly on groundwater from this aquifer. The Oklahoma City metropolitan area, incorporating parts of Canadian, Cleveland, Grady, Lincoln, Logan, McClain, and Oklahoma Counties, has a population of approximately 1.2 million people. As areas are developed for groundwater supply, increased groundwater withdrawals may result in decreases in long-term aquifer storage. The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Oklahoma Water Resources Board, investigated the hydrogeology and simulated groundwater flow in the aquifer using a numerical groundwater-flow model. The purpose of this report is to describe an investigation of the Central Oklahoma aquifer that included analyses of the hydrogeology, hydrogeologic framework of the aquifer, and construction of a numerical groundwater-flow model. The groundwater-flow model was used to simulate groundwater levels and for water-budget analysis. A calibrated transient model was used to evaluate changes in groundwater storage associated with increased future water demands.

Suggested Citation

Mashburn, S.L., Ryter, D.W., Neel, C.R., Smith, S.J., and Magers, J.S., 2018, Hydrogeology and simulation of ground-water flow in the Central Oklahoma (Garber-Wellington) Aquifer, Oklahoma, 1987 to 2009, and simulation of available water in storage, 2010–2059 (ver. 1.1, April 2018): U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2013–5219, 92 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20135219.

ISSN: 2328-0328 (online)

Study Area

Table of Contents

  • Acknowledgments
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Geology of the Central Oklahoma Aquifer
  • Characteristics of the Central Oklahoma Aquifer
  • Hydrogeologic Framework
  • Groundwater-Flow Model
  • Model Simplifications, Assumptions, and Limitations
  • Summary
  • Selected References
  • Appendix 1. Aquifer Test

Additional publication details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Title:
Hydrogeology and simulation of groundwater flow in the Central Oklahoma (Garber-Wellington) Aquifer, Oklahoma, 1987 to 2009, and simulation of available water in storage, 2010–2059
Series title:
Scientific Investigations Report
Series number:
2013-5219
DOI:
10.3133/sir20135219
Edition:
Version 1.0: February 10, 2012; Version 1.1: April 5, 2018
Year Published:
2018
Language:
English
Publisher:
U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location:
Reston, VA
Contributing office(s):
Oklahoma Water Science Center
Description:
Report: xii, 92 p.; Model Files: ZIP file; Version History
Country:
United States
State:
Oklahoma
Datum:
North American Datum of 1983
Projection:
Universal Transverse Mercator, Zone 14
Online Only (Y/N):
Y
Additional Online Files (Y/N):
Y