Eelgrass habitat near Liberty Bay: Chapter 5

Scientific Investigations Report 2015-5125
By:
Edited by: Renee K. Takesue

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Abstract

Seagrasses are a widespread type of marine flowering plants that grow in nearshore intertidal and subtidal zones. Seagrass beds are ecologically important because they affect physical, biological, and chemical characteristics of nearshore habitat, and they are sensitive to changes in coastal water quality (Stevenson and others, 1993; Koch, 2001; Martinez-Crego and others, 2008). Zostera marina, commonly known as eelgrass, is protected by a no-net-loss policy in Washington State where it may be used as spawning habitat by herring, a key prey species for salmon, seabirds, and marine mammals (Bargmann, 1998). Eelgrass forms broad meadows in shallow embayments or narrow fringes on open shorelines (Berry and others, 2003). Anthropogenic activities that increase turbidity, nutrient loading, and physical disturbance at the coast can result in dramatic seagrass decline (Ralph and others, 2006).

Study Area

Additional publication details

Publication type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Title Eelgrass habitat near Liberty Bay: Chapter 5
Series title Scientific Investigations Report
Series number 2015-5125
DOI 10.3133/sir20155125
Year Published 2015
Language English
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location Reston, VA
Contributing office(s) Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center
Description viii, 110 p.
Larger Work Type Report
Larger Work Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Larger Work Title Hydrography of and Biochemical Inputs to Liberty Bay, a Small Urban Embayment in Puget Sound, Washington
Public Comments A pilot study by the Effects of Urbanization Task of the U.S. Geological Survey Multi-Disciplinary Coastal Habitats in Puget Sound Project
Country United States
State Washington
County Kitsap County
Other Geospatial Liberty Bay, Puget Sound
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N