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Paleomagnetic correlation of basalt flows in selected coreholes near the Advanced Test Reactor Complex, the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center, and along the southern boundary, Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho

Scientific Investigations Report 2016-5131

DOE/ID-22240
Prepared in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Energy
By:
and
https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20165131

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  • Document: Report (965 KB pdf)
  • Plate: Plate 1 (543 KB pdf) Map and subsurface stratigraphic cross sections interpreted from paleomagnetic inclination data from coreholes in the southern part of the Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho.
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Abstract

The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Energy, used paleomagnetic data from 18 coreholes to construct three cross sections of subsurface basalt flows in the southern part of the Idaho National Laboratory (INL). These cross sections, containing descriptions of the subsurface horizontal and vertical distribution of basalt flows and sediment layers, will be used in geological studies, and to construct numerical models of groundwater flow and contaminant transport.

Subsurface cross sections were used to correlate surface vents to their subsurface flows intersected by coreholes, to correlate subsurface flows between coreholes, and to identify possible subsurface vent locations of subsurface flows. Correlations were identified by average paleomagnetic inclinations of flows, and depth from land surface in coreholes, normalized to the North American Datum of 1927. Paleomagnetic data were combined, in some cases, with other data, such as radiometric ages of flows. Possible vent locations of buried basalt flows were identified by determining the location of the maximum thickness of flows penetrated by more than one corehole.

Flows from the surface volcanic vents Quaking Aspen Butte, Vent 5206, Mid Butte, Lavatoo Butte, Crater Butte, Pond Butte, Vent 5350, Vent 5252, Tin Cup Butte, Vent 4959, Vent 5119, and AEC Butte are found in coreholes, and were correlated to the surface vents by matching their paleomagnetic inclinations, and in some cases, their stratigraphic positions.

Some subsurface basalt flows that do not correlate to surface vents, do correlate over several coreholes, and may correlate to buried vents. Subsurface flows which correlate across several coreholes, but not to a surface vent include the D3 flow, the Big Lost flow, the CFA buried vent flow, the Early, Middle, and Late Basal Brunhes flows, the South Late Matuyama flow, the Matuyama flow, and the Jaramillo flow. The location of vents buried in the subsurface by younger basalt flows can be inferred if their flows are penetrated by several coreholes, by tracing the flows in the subsurface, and determining where the greatest thickness occurs.

Suggested Citation

Hodges, M.K.V., and Champion, D.E., 2016, Paleomagnetic correlation of basalt flows in selected coreholes near the Advanced Test Reactor Complex, the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center, and along the southern boundary, Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2016-5131 (DOE/ID-22240), 65 p., 1 pl., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/sir20165131.

ISSN: 2328-0328 (online)

Study Area

Table of Contents

  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Geologic Setting
  • Sampling and Analytical Techniques
  • Correlation Techniques
  • Paleomagnetic Correlations of Basalt Flows
  • Summary and Conclusions
  • Acknowledgments
  • References Cited
  • Appendix A. Previously Unpublished Paleomagnetic Data

Additional publication details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Title:
Paleomagnetic correlation of basalt flows in selected coreholes near the Advanced Test Reactor Complex, the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center, and along the southern boundary, Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho
Series title:
Scientific Investigations Report
Series number:
2016-5131
DOI:
10.3133/sir20165131
Year Published:
2016
Language:
English
Publisher:
U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location:
Reston, VA
Contributing office(s):
Idaho Water Science Center
Description:
Report: v, 65 p.; Plate: 34.00 x 40.00 inches
Country:
United States
State:
Idaho
Online Only (Y/N):
Y
Additional Online Files (Y/N):
Y