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The HayWired earthquake scenario—Engineering implications

Scientific Investigations Report 2017-5013-I–Q

Edited by:
Shane T. Detweiler ORCID iD and Anne M. Wein ORCID iD
https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20175013v2

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Abstract

The HayWired Earthquake Scenario—Engineering Implications is the second volume of U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Scientific Investigations Report 2017–5013, which describes the HayWired scenario, developed by USGS and its partners. The scenario is a hypothetical yet scientifically realistic earthquake sequence that is being used to better understand hazards for the San Francisco Bay region during and after a magnitude-7 earthquake (mainshock) on the Hayward Fault and its aftershocks.

Analyses in this volume suggest that (1) 800 deaths and 16,000 nonfatal injuries result from shaking alone, plus property and direct business interruption losses of more than $82 billion from shaking, liquefaction, and landslides; (2) the building code is designed to protect lives, but even if all buildings in the region complied with current building codes, 0.4 percent could collapse, 5 percent could be unsafe to occupy, and 19 percent could have restricted use; (3) people expect, prefer, and would be willing to pay for greater resilience of buildings; (4) more than 22,000 people could require extrication from stalled elevators, and more than 2,400 people could require rescue from collapsed buildings; (5) the average east-bay resident could lose water service for 6 weeks, some for as long as 6 months; (6) older steel-frame high-rise office buildings and new reinforced-concrete residential buildings in downtown San Francisco and Oakland could be unusable for as long as 10 months; (7) about 450 large fires could result in a loss of residential and commercial building floor area equivalent to more than 52,000 single-family homes and cause property (building and content) losses approaching $30 billion; and (8) combining earthquake early warning (ShakeAlert) with “drop, cover, and hold on” actions could prevent as many as 1,500 nonfatal injuries out of 18,000 total estimated nonfatal injuries from shaking and liquefaction hazards.

Suggested Citation

Detweiler, S.T., and Wein, A.M., eds., 2018, The HayWired earthquake scenario—Engineering implications: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2017–5013–I–Q, 429 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20175013v2.

ISSN: 2328-0328 (online)

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Additional publication details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Title:
The HayWired earthquake scenario—Engineering implications
Series title:
Scientific Investigations Report
Series number:
2017-5013
Chapter:
I–Q
DOI:
10.3133/sir20175013v2
Year Published:
2018
Language:
English
Publisher:
U.S Geological Survey
Publisher location:
Reston, VA
Contributing office(s):
Earthquake Science Center
Description:
xviii, 429 p.
Larger Work Type:
Report
Larger Work Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Larger Work Title:
The HayWired earthquake scenario
Country:
United States
State:
California
Other Geospatial:
Hayward Fault
Online Only (Y/N):
Y