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Macroinvertebrate communities evaluated prior to and following a channel restoration project in Silver Creek, Blaine County, Idaho, 2001-16

Scientific Investigations Report 2017-5126

Prepared in cooperation with Blaine County and The Nature Conservancy
By:
ORCID iD and ORCID iD
https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20175126

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Abstract

The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with Blaine County and The Nature Conservancy, evaluated the status of macroinvertebrate communities prior to and following a channel restoration project in Silver Creek, Blaine County, Idaho. The objective of the evaluation was to determine whether 2014 remediation efforts to restore natural channel conditions in an impounded area of Silver Creek caused declines in local macroinvertebrate communities. Starting in 2001 and ending in 2016, macroinvertebrates were sampled every 3 years at two long-term trend sites and sampled seasonally (spring, summer, and autumn) in 2013, 2015, and 2016 at seven synoptic sites. Trend-site communities were collected from natural stream-bottom substrates to represent locally established macroinvertebrate assemblages. Synoptic site communities were sampled using artificial (multi-plate) substrates to represent recently colonized (4–6 weeks) assemblages. Statistical summaries of spatial and temporal patterns in macroinvertebrate taxonomic composition at both trend and synoptic sites were completed.

The potential effect of the restoration project on resident macroinvertebrate populations was determined by comparing the following community assemblage metrics:

  1. Total taxonomic richness (taxa richness);
  2. Total macroinvertebrate abundance (total abundance);
  3. Ephemeroptera, Plecoptera, Trichoptera (EPT) richness;
  4. EPT abundance;
  5. Simpson’s diversity; and
  6. Simpson’s evenness for periods prior to and following restoration.

A significant decrease in one or more metric values in the period following stream channel restoration was the basis for determining impairment to the macroinvertebrate communities in Silver Creek.

Comparison of pre-restoration (2001–13) and post‑restoration (2016) macroinvertebrate community composition at trend sites determined that no significant decreases occurred in any metric parameter for communities sampled in 2016. Taxa and EPT richness of colonized assemblages at synoptic sites increased significantly from pre-restoration in 2013 to post-restoration in 2015 and 2016. Similarly, total and EPT abundances at synoptic sites showed non-significant increases from 2013 to 2015 and 2016. Significant seasonal differences in macroinvertebrate assemblages were apparent at synoptic site locations and likely reflected typical life-history patterns of increased insect emergence and development in the late spring and early summer months. Taxa and EPT richness were each significantly higher in spring and summer than in autumn, and total abundances were significantly higher in spring than in summer and autumn. No significant differences in community diversity or evenness of colonized communities were noted at synoptic site locations between pre- and post-restoration years or among seasons. Select community-metric results from the trend- and synopticsite sampling indicated that the Silver Creek restoration effort in 2014 did not result in a significant decline in resident macroinvertebrate communities.

Suggested Citation

MacCoy, D.E., and Short, T.M., Macroinvertebrate communities evaluated prior to and following a channel restoration project in Silver Creek, Blaine County, Idaho, 2001-16: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2017-5126, 25 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20175126.

ISSN: 2328-0328 (online)

Study Area

Table of Contents

  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Hydrology, Water Quality, and Macroinvertebrates at Trend and Synoptic Sites
  • Hydrology, Water Quality, and Macroinvertebrate Evaluation
  • Summary and Conclusions
  • Acknowledgments
  • References Cited
  • Appendixes A–B

Additional publication details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Title:
Macroinvertebrate communities evaluated prior to and following a channel restoration project in Silver Creek, Blaine County, Idaho, 2001-16
Series title:
Scientific Investigations Report
Series number:
2017-5126
DOI:
10.3133/sir20175126
Year Published:
2017
Language:
English
Publisher:
U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location:
Reston, VA
Contributing office(s):
Idaho Water Science Center
Description:
Report: vi, 25 p.; Appendixes A-B
Country:
United States
State:
Idaho
County:
Blaine County
Other Geospatial:
Silver Creek
Online Only (Y/N):
Y
Additional Online Files (Y/N):
Y