thumbnail

Groundwater-flow budget for the lower Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin in southwestern Georgia and parts of Florida and Alabama, 2008–12

Scientific Investigations Report 2017-5141

U.S. Geological Survey National Water Census and Water Availability and Use Science Program
By:
ORCID iD , ORCID iD , ORCID iD , , and
https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20175141

Links

Abstract

As part of the National Water Census program in the Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint (ACF) River Basin, the U.S. Geological Survey evaluated the groundwater budget of the lower ACF, with particular emphasis on recharge, characterizing the spatial and temporal relation between surface water and groundwater, and groundwater pumping. To evaluate the hydrologic budget of the lower ACF River Basin, a groundwater-flow model, constructed using MODFLOW-2005, was developed for the Upper Floridan aquifer and overlying semiconfining unit for 2008–12. Model input included temporally and spatially variable specified recharge, estimated using a Precipitation-Runoff Modeling System (PRMS) model for the ACF River Basin, and pumping, partly estimated on the basis of measured agricultural pumping rates in Georgia. The model was calibrated to measured groundwater levels and base flows, which were estimated using hydrograph separation.

The simulated groundwater-flow budget resulted in a small net cumulative loss of groundwater in storage during the study period. The model simulated a net loss in groundwater storage for all the subbasins as conditions became substantially drier from the beginning to the end of the study period. The model is limited by its conceptualization, the data used to represent and calibrate the model, and the mathematical representation of the system; therefore, any interpretations should be considered in light of these limitations. In spite of these limitations, the model provides insight regarding water availability in the lower ACF River Basin.

Suggested Citation

Jones, L.E., Painter, Jaime, LaFontaine, Jacob, Sepulveda, Nicasio, and Sifuentes, D.F., 2017, Groundwater-flow budget for the lower Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin in southwestern Georgia and parts of Florida and Alabama, 2008–12: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2017–5141, 76 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20175141.

ISSN: 2328-0328 (online)

Study Area

Table of Contents

  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Description of the Study Area
  • Hydrologic Budget
  • Discussion
  • Model Limitations
  • Summary
  • Acknowledgments
  • References Cited
  • Appendix 1. Model Construction and Calibration

Additional publication details

Publication type:
Report
Publication Subtype:
USGS Numbered Series
Title:
Groundwater-flow budget for the lower Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin in southwestern Georgia and parts of Florida and Alabama, 2008–12
Series title:
Scientific Investigations Report
Series number:
2017-5141
DOI:
10.3133/sir20175141
Year Published:
2017
Language:
English
Publisher:
U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location:
Reston, VA
Contributing office(s):
South Atlantic Water Science Center
Description:
Report: viii, 76 p.; Data Release
Country:
United States
State:
Alabama, Florida, Georgia
Online Only (Y/N):
Y
Additional Online Files (Y/N):
N